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We examined the predictive value of clinical and radiological findings, including cerebral microbleeds (CMBs) seen in gradient-echo T2*-weighted magnetic resonance images, for hemorrhagic transformation (HT) following ischemic stroke, in ischemic stroke patients treated with recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (rt-PA). The subjects were 71 patients(More)
BACKGROUND Granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF; filgrastim) may be useful for the treatment of acute ischemic stroke because of its neuroprotective and neurogenesis-promoting properties, but an excessive increase of neutrophils may lead to brain injury. We examined the safety and tolerability of low-dose G-CSF and investigated the effectiveness of(More)
We present an unusual case of a patient with scrub typhus who developed acalculous cholecystitis, aseptic meningitis and mononeuritis multiplex. The patient was successfully treated with oral minocycline. To our knowledge, this is the first report of mononeuritis multiplex caused by scrub typhus.
Hypoxia-inducible factor 1 (HIF-1) is regulated by the oxygen-dependent hydroxylation of proline residues by prolyl hydroxylases (PHDs). We recently developed a novel PHD inhibitor, TM6008, that suppresses the activity of PHDs, inducing continuous HIF-1α activation. In this study, we investigated how TM6008 affects cell survival after hypoxic conditions(More)
The use of cefazolin to treat mastitic cows leads to cefazolin residues in milk and manure. This is responsible for the high occurrence of cefazolin resistant bacteria (CRB) in waste and the environment. Anaerobic digestion is considered to have the potential to reduce antibiotic-resistant bacteria present in waste that results from concentrated animal(More)
To assess the predictive value of cerebral microbleeds (CMBs) on gradient-echo T2*-weighted magnetic resonance imaging for hemorrhagic transformation (HT) after antithrombotic therapy for an acute ischemic stroke, we prospectively examined the relationship between CMBs on T2*-weighted images before the start of therapy and the appearance of HT in a series(More)
BACKGROUND Various postural deformities appear during progression of Parkinson's disease (PD), but the underlying pathophysiology of these deformities is not well understood. The angle abnormalities seen in individual patients may not be due to distinct causes, but rather they may have occurred in an interrelated manner to maintain a balanced posture. (More)
OBJECTIVE Scans without evidence of dopaminergic deficits (SWEDDs) in dopamine transporter single-photon emission computed tomography (DAT-SPECT) are found in 3.6-19.6% of patients with clinically suspected Parkinson's disease (PD). We investigated whether combined use of 123I-meta-iodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) myocardial scintigraphy would be helpful to(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE We assessed whether the presence, number, and distribution of cerebral microbleeds (CMBs) on pre-intravenous thrombolysis MRI scans of acute ischemic stroke patients are associated with an increased risk of intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) or poor functional outcome. METHODS We performed an individual patient data meta-analysis,(More)