Yusuke Machino

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The Fc region of human IgG1 mediates effector function via binding to Fcγ receptors and complement activation. The H and L chains of IgG1 antibodies are joined by four interchain disulfide bonds. In this study, these bonds within the therapeutic IgG1 rituximab (RTX) were cleaved either by mild reduction followed by alkylation or by mild S-sulfonation;(More)
Intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) is currently a very important therapeutic used for not only infectious diseases, but also for autoimmune diseases such as idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP). Untoward reactions of IVIG have been thought to result from complement activation by aggregated IgG in IVIG. In addition, the aggregates have been known to(More)
Malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) is a rare and highly aggressive neoplasm that arises from the pleural, pericardial, or peritoneal lining. Although surgery, chemotherapy, radiotherapy, and combinations of these therapies are used to treat MPM, the median survival of such patients is dismal. Therefore, there is a compelling need to develop novel(More)
High-dose intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) preparations are currently used for the treatment of autoimmune diseases such as immune thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP). Although the mechanisms of IVIG efficacy remain enigmatic, some clinical and laboratory studies suggest that interaction of the Fc domain of IgG, especially the Fc domain of dimeric IgG, with its(More)
Intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) has been used widely to treat immune thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP), but the mechanisms of its action remain unclear. We investigated the affinity for Fcγ receptors (FcγRs) and the thrombocytopenia-ameliorating effect of S-sulfonated gammaglobulin (SGG) and S-alkylated gammaglobulin (AGG), in comparison with unmodified(More)
The Fc domain of human IgG1 binds to Fcγ receptors (FcγRs) to induce effector functions such as phagocytosis. There are four interchain disulfide bonds between the H and L chains. In this study, the disulfide bonds within the IgG1 trastuzumab (TRA), which is specific for HER2, were cleaved by mild S-sulfonation or by mild reduction followed by S-alkylation(More)
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