BACKGROUND Many anesthetics reduce lower esophageal sphincter pressure (LESP) and consequently the gastro-esophageal pressure gradient (GEPG); thus they may promote gastro-esophageal reflux and contribute to aspiration pneumonia. Our goals were to evaluate the association between LESP and 2 measures of sedation: bispectral index (BIS) and the responsiveness… (More)
We prove existence of equilibria in bipartite social games, where players choose both a strategy in a game and a partner with whom to play the game. Such social games generalize the well-known marriage problem where players choose partners, but there are no endogenous choices subsequent to a matching. Wooders for helpful comments and suggestions.
In the roommate problem, it is known that a stable matching may not exist. In this paper, we propose a new deviation-proof concept, called credible stability, and show that the concept resolves the problem. At a credibly stable matching, any coalition which deviates from the matching is punishable; a deviating coalition is punishable if there exists a… (More)