Yusuke Iwasaki

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BACKGROUND Perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) and perfluorooctanoate (PFOA) are man-made, ubiquitous, and persistent contaminants in the environment, wildlife, and humans. Although recent studies have shown that these chemicals interfere with fetal growth in humans, the results are inconsistent. OBJECTIVES Our goal was to investigate the correlation between(More)
Biological thiol compounds are classified into high-molecular-mass protein thiols and low-molecular-mass free thiols. Endogenous low-molecular-mass thiol compounds, namely, reduced glutathione (GSH) and its corresponding disulfide, glutathione disulfide (GSSG), are very important molecules that participate in a variety of physiological and pathological(More)
Epigenetic alteration is an emerging paradigm underlying the long-term effects of chemicals on gene functions. Various chemicals, including organophosphate insecticides and heavy metals, have been detected in the human fetal environment. Epigenetics by DNA methylation and histone modifications, through dynamic chromatin remodeling, is a mechanism for genome(More)
BACKGROUND Recent studies have shown effects of prenatal exposure to perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) and perfluorooctanoate (PFOA) on infants in the general environmental levels. Laboratory animal studies have shown that exposure to PFOS and PFOA is associated with immunotoxic effects. OBJECTIVES To investigate the relationship between maternal PFOS and(More)
Nitrotyrosine (NTYR) is used as a biomarker of nitrative pathology caused by peroxynitrite (ONOO-) formation. NTYR measurement in biological materials usually employs such methodologies as immunohistochemistry staining, high-performance liquid chromatography and gas chromatography. In this study, we developed a method for the determination of tyrosine (TYR)(More)
BACKGROUND Fatty acids (FAs) are essential for fetal growth. Exposure to perfluorinated chemicals (PFCs) may disrupt FA homeostasis, but there are no epidemiological data regarding associations of PFCs and FA concentrations. OBJECTIVES We estimated associations between perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS)/perfluorooctanoate (PFOA) concentrations and maternal(More)
The objective of present study was to examine the effect of long-chain monounsaturated fatty acids (LC-MUFAs) with chain lengths longer than 18 (i.e., C20:1 and C22:1 isomers combined) on obesity-related metabolic dysfunction and its molecular mechanisms. Type-2 diabetic KK-Ay mice (n = 20) were randomly assigned to the 7% soybean oil-diet group (control(More)
Liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS) using atmospheric pressure ionization is drastically different from hitherto available analytical methods used to detect polar analytes. The electrospray ionization (ESI) and atmospheric pressure chemical ionization (APCI) sources of MS have contributed to the advancement of LC-MS and LC-MS/MS techniques for(More)
Persistent organic pollutants and mercury are known environmental chemicals that have been found to be ubiquitous in not only the environment but also in humans, including women of reproductive age. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the association between personal lifestyle characteristics and environmental chemical levels during the perinatal(More)
The aim of the present study is to establish a highly sensitive method for the determination of uric acid (UA) in human saliva. The monitoring of UA levels in less invasive biological samples such as saliva is suggested for the diagnosis and therapy of gout, hyperuricemia, and the Lesch-Nyhan syndrome, and for detecting such conditions as alcohol(More)