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Small-molecule stabilization of protein-protein interactions is an emerging field in chemical biology. We show how fusicoccanes, originally identified as fungal toxins acting on plants, promote the interaction of 14-3-3 proteins with the human potassium channel TASK-3 and present a semisynthetic fusicoccane derivative (FC-THF) that targets the 14-3-3(More)
Despite a positive correlation between chronic kidney disease and atherosclerosis, the causative role of uremic toxins in leukocyte-endothelial interactions has not been reported. We thus examined the effects of indoxyl sulfate, a uremic toxin, on leukocyte adhesion to activated endothelial cells and the underlying mechanisms. Pretreatment of human(More)
We demonstrated that administration of indoxyl sulfate, a uremic toxin, promotes aortic calcification in hypertensive rats. This study aimed to clarify if indoxyl sulfate could contribute to cell senescence in the aorta of hypertensive rats. The rat groups consisted of (1) Dahl salt-resistant normotensive rats (DN), (2) Dahl salt-resistant normotensive(More)
BACKGROUND/AIM Klotho, an anti-aging gene, is expressed in the kidneys, and its renal expression is decreased in chronic kidney disease (CKD). The present study aimed to examine whether renal expression of Klotho is regulated by indoxyl sulfate, a uremic toxin, using rat kidneys and human proximal tubular cells (HK-2). METHODS The effect of indoxyl(More)
Accelerated cardiovascular disease is a frequent complication of CKD. Monocyte-mediated inflammation and adhesion of monocytes to vascular endothelium are key events in atherogenesis. An oral adsorbent, AST-120, retards renal function deterioration by lowering IS, which is known to accumulate in CKD patients. However, the effect of AST-120 on CKD-related(More)
BACKGROUND Administration of indoxyl sulfate, a uremic toxin, promotes progression of chronic kidney disease in rats affected by the disease. Klotho, an anti-aging gene, is expressed in the kidneys, and its renal expression is decreased in chronic kidney disease. This study aimed to clarify whether indoxyl sulfate could reduce klotho expression and(More)
Despite their high degree of identity and even higher homology, the two Kat3 transcriptional coactivators, CBP and p300, have distinct functions, particularly within the Wnt/β-catenin signaling cascade. ICG-001, by directly binding to CBP but not p300, inhibits CBP/β-catenin transcription and has served as an invaluable chemical genomic tool to dissect the(More)
We previously revealed that Orf8 and Orf6, which were identified in the brassicicene C biosynthetic gene cluster in Alternaria brassicicola strain ATCC96836, were fusicoccadiene (FD) synthase and 16-O-methyltransferase, respectively. In the present Letter, the early biosynthetic steps after the formation of FD were investigated. Plasmids carrying the FD(More)