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We studied a detailed somatosensory representation map of the human primary somatosensory cortex using magnetoencephalography. Somatosensory-evoked magnetic fields following tactile stimulation of multiple points in the right hemibody (including the tongue, lips, fingers, arm, trunk, leg, and foot) were analyzed in five normal subjects. We were able to(More)
Neuregulin-1 (NRG1) is implicated in the etiology or pathology of schizophrenia, although its biological roles in this illness are not fully understood. Human midbrain dopaminergic neurons highly express NRG1 receptors (ErbB4). To test its neuropathological role in the neurodevelopmental hypothesis of schizophrenia, we administered type-1 NRG1 protein to(More)
BACKGROUND Liver fibrosis is the main predictor of the progression of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. Transient elastography (FibroScan), which measures liver stiffness, is a novel, noninvasive method to assess liver fibrosis. AIM We investigated the usefulness of liver stiffness measurement in the evaluation of liver fibrosis in nonalcoholic fatty(More)
Asthma and atopy show epidemiological association and are biologically linked by T-helper type 2 (T(h)2) cytokine-driven inflammatory mechanisms. IL-4 operates through the IL-4 receptor (IL-4R, a heterodimer of IL-4Ralpha and either gammac or IL-13Ralpha1) and IL-13 operates through IL-13R (a heterodimer of IL-4Ralpha and IL-13Ralpha1) to promote IgE(More)
A novel factor, termed Humanin (HN), antagonizes against neurotoxicity by various types of familial Alzheimer's disease (AD) genes [V642I and K595N/M596L (NL) mutants of amyloid precursor protein (APP), M146L-presenilin (PS) 1, and N141I-PS2] and by Abeta1-43 with clear action specificity ineffective on neurotoxicity by polyglutamine repeat Q79 or(More)
OBJECTIVE We prospectively compared the detectability of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) arising in cirrhotic livers using dynamic gadolinium-enhanced fast low-angle shot (FLASH), ferumoxides-enhanced T2-weighted turbo spin-echo, and ferumoxides-enhanced T2*-weighted FLASH MR imaging. SUBJECTS AND METHODS Fifty-three patients with HCC (32 men and 21 women)(More)
Heme-binding protein 23 kDa (HBP23), a rat isoform of human proliferation-associated gene product (PAG), is a member of the peroxiredoxin family of peroxidases, having two conserved cysteine residues. Recent biochemical studies have shown that HBP23/PAG is an oxidative stress-induced and proliferation-coupled multifunctional protein that exhibits specific(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to analyse changes in regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) in Parkinson's disease (PD) without dementia. METHODS Twenty eight non-demented patients with PD and 17 age matched normal subjects underwent single photon emission computed tomography with N-isopropyl-p-[(123)I]iodoamphetamine to measure rCBF. The(More)
OBJECTIVE Breath-hold MR urography using half-Fourier acquisition single-shot turbo spin-echo (HASTE) sequences was evaluated as a noninvasive alternative to excretory urography in healthy volunteers and in patients with disorders of the urinary tract. SUBJECTS AND METHODS Twenty healthy volunteers and 45 patients with disorders of the urinary tract(More)
Curcumin, a dietary pigment responsible for the yellow colour of curry, has been used for the treatment of inflammatory diseases and exhibits a variety of pharmacological effects such as anti-inflammatory activity. The mechanism in anti-inflammatory activity of curcumin has been investigated; however, little is known about the effect of curcumin on cytokine(More)