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Human ficolin-2 (L-ficolin/p35) is a lectin-complement pathway activator that is present in normal human plasma and is associated with infectious diseases; however, little is known regarding the roles and mechanisms of ficolin-2 during chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. In this study, we found that ficolin-2 inhibits the entry of HCV at an early(More)
In the process of cell apoptosis induced by specific reagents, calreticulin (CRT) in endoplasmic reticulum is transferred and coated onto the cell membrane. As a sort of specific ligand, the CRT on the surface of apoptotic cells could mediate recognition and clearance of apoptotic cells by phagocytes. In this research we discovered that mitoxantrone could(More)
Ficolins are serum complement lectins, with a structure similar to mannose-binding lectin (MBL) and lung surfactant protein (SP)-A and SP-D. Ficolins activate the lectin complement system and play important roles in host innate immunity. Ficolins are members of the collectin family of proteins, which act as pattern recognition receptors (PRRs). They are(More)
BACKGROUND The development of an efficient vaccine and broadly cross-neutralizing antibodies of hepatitis C virus (HCV) remains a priority. The heavily glycosylated viral envelope glycoprotein E1E2 complex is a candidate vaccine antigen. Bacteria-derived unmethylated CpG DNA, a potent stimulator of immune cells, is important for vaccine research. METHODS(More)
In apoptotic progress of tumor cells stimulated by special agents, the calreticulin (CRT) was relocated from endoplasmic reticulum onto the cell surface. When used as cellular antigen to immunize experimental animals, these CRT-coated apoptotic tumor cells could initiate effective anti-tumor immunoresponse against homologous tumor cells, indicating the(More)
Core 1 beta 1,3-galactosyltransferase also known as T-antigen-synthase or T-synthase is a key enzyme for the synthesis of the common core 1 O-glycan structure (T-antigen). Although T-synthase is known to be important in human immune-related diseases, the effects of T-synthase and T-antigen on host immune responses remain poorly defined. In this study, a(More)
CONTEXT Cycloastragenol (CAG) is a molecule isolated from various species in the genus Astragalus. Although the regulatory activity of Astragalus on immune system has been investigated, the effect of CAG on activated lymphocytes is poorly understood. OBJECTIVE We aimed to biologically address the possible anti-inflammation potential of CAG on concanavalin(More)
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