Yusei Miyazaki

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B lymphocytes have critical roles as positive and negative regulators of immunity. Their inhibitory function has been associated primarily with interleukin 10 (IL-10) because B-cell-derived IL-10 can protect against autoimmune disease and increase susceptibility to pathogens. Here we identify IL-35-producing B cells as key players in the negative regulation(More)
Neuromyelitis optica (NMO) is an inflammatory disease affecting the optic nerve and spinal cord, in which autoantibodies against aquaporin 4 (AQP4) water channel protein probably play a pathogenic role. Here we show that a B-cell subpopulation, exhibiting the CD19(int)CD27(high)CD38(high)CD180(-) phenotype, is selectively increased in the peripheral blood(More)
B cells are not limited to producing protective antibodies; they also perform additional functions relevant to both health and disease. However, the relative contribution of functionally distinct B cell subsets in human disease, the signals that regulate the balance between such subsets, and which of these subsets underlie the benefits of B cell depletion(More)
TNF-related apoptosis inducing ligand (TRAIL) has been reported to induce apoptosis of autoreactive T cells and other inflammatory cells, and thus, it is a strong candidate gene for involvement in the development of autoimmune diseases. We investigated single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the coding region of the gene at position 1595 in exon 5 in 128(More)
Clinical trial results demonstrating that B-cell depletion substantially reduces new relapses in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) have established that B cells play a role in the pathophysiology of MS relapses. The same treatment appears not to impact antibodies directed against the central nervous system, which underscores the contribution of(More)
Mucosal-associated invariant T (MAIT) cells are innate T cells expressing an invariant Vα7.2-Jα33 T-cell antigen receptor α chain and are enriched in mucosal-associated lymphoid tissues. Although the regulatory role of MAIT cells in experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis has been determined, their role in multiple sclerosis (MS) has not been elucidated.(More)
We present a 66-year-old woman undergoing hemodialysis who developed intracranial hypertrophic pachymeningitis. Neurological examinations revealed a loss of bilateral visual acuity with optic atrophy, headache, and markedly restricted bilateral extraocular movement. MRI examinations demonstrated homogenous hypertrophic dural enhancement compatible with(More)
We present a rare case of central nervous system lymphoma that occurred in a patient who had essential thrombocythemia for 17 years. MRI examinations disclosed multiple ring-enhanced lesions that had shown bilateral spreading in the different period. Pathological examinations confirmed CD30/Ki-1-positive ALK negative anaplastic large cell lymphoma. The(More)
OBJECTIVE The function of mucosal-associated invariant T (MAIT) cells remains largely unknown. We previously reported an immunoregulatory role of MAIT cells in an animal model of multiple sclerosis. The aim of this study was to use animal models to determine whether MAIT cells are involved in the pathogenesis of arthritis. METHODS MR1-/- and MR1+/+ DBA/1J(More)
Memory and naïve B cells are considered to play distinct roles in immune regulation. However, the roles of memory and naïve B-cell subsets in multiple sclerosis (MS) have not yet been elucidated. In this study, we examined whether memory and naïve B-cell subsets differ between patients with MS and healthy subjects and whether interferon beta (IFNbeta)-1b(More)