Yusei Miyamoto

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Neurogenesis in the dentate gyrus of the adult mammalian hippocampus has been proven in a series of studies, but the differentiation process toward newborn neurons is still unclear. In addition to the immunohistochemical study, electrophysiological membrane recordings of precursor cells could provide an alternative view to address this differentiation(More)
A band shift of IkappaBalpha was observed in Western blots with Jurkat cells treated with 1 mm taurine chloramine (TauCl) for 1 h. TauCl treatment inhibited tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFalpha)-initiated nuclear factor kappaB (NF-kappaB) activation. TauCl did not inhibit either the upstream of IkappaB kinase (IKK) activation or IKK itself but did inhibit(More)
The concept that, after developmental periods, neocortical neurons become numerically stable and are normally nonrenewable has been challenged by a report of continuous neurogenesis in the association areas of the cerebral cortex in the adult Macaque monkey. Therefore, we have reexamined this issue in two different Macaque species using the thymidine analog(More)
The cytokine interleukin-1 (IL-1) mediates immune and inflammatory responses by activating the transcription factor nuclear factor kappaB (NF-kappaB). Although transforming growth factor-beta-activated kinase 1 (TAK1) and mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) kinase kinase 3 (MEKK3) are both crucial for IL-1-dependent activation of NF-kappaB, their(More)
Bimetallic nanoparticles consisting of gold and platinum were prepared by a citrate reduction method and complementarily stabilized with pectin (CP-Au/Pt). The percent mole ratio of platinum was varied from 0 to 100%. The CP-Au/Pt were alloy-structured. They were well dispersed in water. The average diameter of platinum nanoparticles (CP-Pt) was 4.7 +/- 1.5(More)
We have shown that platinum nanoparticles (nano-Pt) are a superoxide dismutase (SOD)/catalase mimetic. Various data have shown extension of the Caenorhabditis elegans lifespan by antioxidant treatment. The present study was designed to elucidate the survival benefit conferred by nano-Pt, as compared to the well-known SOD/catalase mimetic EUK-8. At 0.5mM,(More)
NF-κB is activated by several cellular stresses. Of these, the TNFα-induced activation pathway has been examined in detail. It was recently reported that receptor-interacting protein 1 (RIP1) is involved in DNA damage-induced NF-κB activation by forming a complex with the p53 interacting death domain protein (PIDD) and NF-κB essential modulator (NEMO) in(More)
Taurine (2-aminoethanesulfonic acid) is the most abundant free amino acid in the developing mammalian cerebral cortex, however, few studies have reported its neurobiological functions during development. In this study, by means of whole-cell patch-clamp recordings, we examined the effects of taurine on chloride channel receptors in neocortical neurons from(More)
Adult neurogenesis is modulated by growth factors, physical conditions, and other alterations in the physical microenvironment. We studied the effects of focal ischemia on neurogenesis in the subventricular zone (SVZ), olfactory bulb (OB), and hippocampal dentate gyrus (DG) (known to be persistent neurogenic regions) in the adult non-human primate, the(More)
Platinum nanoparticles (nano-Pt) have been reported to possess anti-oxidant and anti-tumor activities. However, the biological activity and mechanism of action of nano-Pt in inflammation are still unknown. The present study was designed to determine the in-vitro anti-inflammatory effects of nano-Pt on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated RAW 264.7 cells. RAW(More)