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The pathophysiology of primary writing tremor (PWT) is still unknown: it has been classified as a focal form of essential tremor and as a tremulous form of writer's cramp. We studied cortical and spinal excitability in patients with PWT and compared the results with published data of patients with essential tremor, and writer's cramp. We used electrical(More)
This paper outlines the latest version of XISL (eXtensible Interaction Scenario Language). XISL is an XML-based markup language for web-based multimodal interaction systems. XISL enables to describe synchronization of multimodal inputs/outputs, dialog flow/transition, and some other descriptions required for multimodal interaction. XISL inherits these(More)
We describe the findings of functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) in a patient with Broca’s aphasia. The patient was a 45-year-old, right-handed woman who developed Broca’s aphasia after infarction in the left frontal lobe. The first fMRI showed no signals in the left frontal lobe during verbal tasks, 2 weeks after the onset of infarction. Four weeks(More)
Hypokalemic periodic paralysis (HypoPP) type 1 is an autosomal dominant disease caused by mutations in the Ca(V)1.1 calcium channel encoded by the CACNA1S gene. Only seven mutations have been found since the discovery of the causative gene in 1994. We describe a patient with HypoPP who had a high serum potassium concentration after recovery from a recent(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to find mutations in the SQSTM1 gene encoding p62 in Japanese patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), since this gene has been recently identified as a causative gene for familial and sporadic ALS in the United States. METHODS We sequenced this gene in 61 Japanese patients with sporadic and familial ALS.(More)
Continuous stimulation of cells with insulin-like growth factors (IGFs) in G(1) phase is a well established requirement for IGF-induced cell proliferation; however, the molecular components of this prolonged signaling pathway that is essential for cell cycle progression from G(1) to S phase are unclear. IGF-I activates IGF-I receptor (IGF-IR) tyrosine(More)
Abnormal swallowing, dysphagia, is a potentially fatal symptom in Parkinson’s disease (PD) and is characterized by frequent silent aspiration, an unrecognized risk of suffocation and aspiration pneumonia. Several studies have reported that the injection of apomorphine, a dopamine agonist, alleviated dysphagia in some patients with PD. The effects of other(More)
Acute disseminated encephalomyelitis causes multifocal demyelination in the central nerve system. Although this disease generally responds well to steroid therapy, it is occasionally steroid-resistant, leading to poor outcomes. Serological markers of prognosis are currently unavailable. We measured anti-glycolipid antibodies in 25 consecutive patients with(More)
There is little evidence for multisession repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) on pain relief in patients with neuropathic pain (NP), although single-session rTMS was suggested to provide transient pain relief in NP patients. We aimed to assess the efficacy and safety of 10 daily rTMS in NP patients. We conducted a randomized, double-blind,(More)