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This paper outlines the latest version of XISL (eXtensible Interaction Scenario Language). XISL is an XML-based markup language for web-based multimodal interaction systems. XISL enables to describe synchronization of multimodal inputs/outputs, dialog flow/transition, and some other descriptions required for multimodal interaction. XISL inherits these(More)
There is little evidence for multisession repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) on pain relief in patients with neuropathic pain (NP), although single-session rTMS was suggested to provide transient pain relief in NP patients. We aimed to assess the efficacy and safety of 10 daily rTMS in NP patients. We conducted a randomized, double-blind,(More)
The pathophysiology of primary writing tremor (PWT) is still unknown: it has been classified as a focal form of essential tremor and as a tremulous form of writer's cramp. We studied cortical and spinal excitability in patients with PWT and compared the results with published data of patients with essential tremor, and writer's cramp. We used electrical(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to find mutations in the SQSTM1 gene encoding p62 in Japanese patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), since this gene has been recently identified as a causative gene for familial and sporadic ALS in the United States. METHODS We sequenced this gene in 61 Japanese patients with sporadic and familial ALS.(More)
In this paper we outline a multimodal interaction description language XISL (Extensible Interaction-Sheet Language) that is developed to describe multimodal interactions (MMI), and to separate the description of interactions from XML contents. XISL makes an XML document independent of interactions that may differ between each terminal, and so enables such(More)
Accumulating evidence has proven that mutations in the VCP gene encoding valosin-containing protein (VCP) cause inclusion body myopathy with Paget disease of the bone and frontotemporal dementia. This gene was later found to be causative for amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), a fatal neurodegenerative disease, occurring typically in elderly persons. We(More)
Bardet-Biedl syndrome (BBS) is an autosomal recessive disorder characterized by central obesity, mental impairment, rod-cone dystrophy, polydactyly, hypogonadism in males, and renal abnormalities. The causative genes have been identified as BBS1-19. In Western countries, this disease is often reported, but remains undiagnosed in many patients until later in(More)
BACKGROUND Ganciclovir, a drug against cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection, is generally well tolerated, but can cause neurotoxicity such as encephalopathy. Although ganciclovir-induced encephalopathy has been described in several reports, a literature search revealed that ganciclovir concentrations in the blood or cerebrospinal fluid were previously measured(More)