Learn More
The pathophysiology of primary writing tremor (PWT) is still unknown: it has been classified as a focal form of essential tremor and as a tremulous form of writer's cramp. We studied cortical and spinal excitability in patients with PWT and compared the results with published data of patients with essential tremor, and writer's cramp. We used electrical(More)
This paper outlines the latest version of XISL (eXtensible Interaction Scenario Language). XISL is an XML-based markup language for web-based multimodal interaction systems. XISL enables to describe synchronization of multimodal inputs/outputs, dialog flow/transition, and some other descriptions required for multimodal interaction. XISL inherits these(More)
Hypokalemic periodic paralysis (HypoPP) type 1 is an autosomal dominant disease caused by mutations in the Ca(V)1.1 calcium channel encoded by the CACNA1S gene. Only seven mutations have been found since the discovery of the causative gene in 1994. We describe a patient with HypoPP who had a high serum potassium concentration after recovery from a recent(More)
There is little evidence for multisession repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) on pain relief in patients with neuropathic pain (NP), although single-session rTMS was suggested to provide transient pain relief in NP patients. We aimed to assess the efficacy and safety of 10 daily rTMS in NP patients. We conducted a randomized, double-blind,(More)
Continuous stimulation of cells with insulin-like growth factors (IGFs) in G(1) phase is a well established requirement for IGF-induced cell proliferation; however, the molecular components of this prolonged signaling pathway that is essential for cell cycle progression from G(1) to S phase are unclear. IGF-I activates IGF-I receptor (IGF-IR) tyrosine(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to find mutations in the SQSTM1 gene encoding p62 in Japanese patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), since this gene has been recently identified as a causative gene for familial and sporadic ALS in the United States. METHODS We sequenced this gene in 61 Japanese patients with sporadic and familial ALS.(More)
Abnormal swallowing, dysphagia, is a potentially fatal symptom in Parkinson's disease (PD) and is characterized by frequent silent aspiration, an unrecognized risk of suffocation and aspiration pneumonia. Several studies have reported that the injection of apomorphine, a dopamine agonist, alleviated dysphagia in some patients with PD. The effects of other(More)
Spinocerebellar ataxias (SCAs) are a group of neurodegenerative disorders frequently associated with autosomal dominant inheritance. SCA type 3 (SCA3) and SCA type 6 (SCA6) are the most common forms in Japan as well as the rest of the world. SCA3 affects multiple nervous systems while SCA6 affects mainly the cerebellar system. Dysphagia is clinically(More)
Acute disseminated encephalomyelitis causes multifocal demyelination in the central nerve system. Although this disease generally responds well to steroid therapy, it is occasionally steroid-resistant, leading to poor outcomes. Serological markers of prognosis are currently unavailable. We measured anti-glycolipid antibodies in 25 consecutive patients with(More)
Sporadic ataxia affecting multiple systems, such as cerebellar, extrapyramidal, and autonomic systems, is known as multiple system atrophy cerebellar type (MSA-C), while similar multisystem involvements are seen in certain types of hereditary ataxia, such as spinocerebellar ataxia type 3 (SCA3). Dysphagia is a common symptom that can predispose to(More)