Yury F Belyi

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Legionella pneumophila, the causal agent of Legionnaires' disease, is an intracellular parasite and invades and proliferates within different eukaryotic cells, including human alveolar macrophages. After several 100-fold multiplication within host cells, the pathogens are released for new invasion by induction of apoptosis or necrosis. Here we report that(More)
Legionella pneumophila is a facultative intracellular pathogen responsible for severe lung disease in humans, known as legionellosis or Legionnaires' disease. Previously, we reported on the approximately 60-kDa glucosyltransferase (Lgt1) from Legionella pneumophila, which modified eukaryotic elongation factor 1A. In the present study, using L. pneumophila(More)
Clostridial glucosylating cytotoxins, including Clostridium difficile toxins A and B, Clostridium novyi alpha-toxin, and Clostridium sordellii lethal toxin, are major virulence factors and causative agents of human diseases. These toxins mono-O-glucosylate (or mono-O-GlcNAcylate) a specific threonine residue of Rho/Ras-proteins, which is essential for the(More)
Activated charcoal has been previously shown to induce in vitro expression of virulence factors by Listeria monocytogenes. In trying to elucidate the nature of the charcoal action, we found that the treatment of brain heart infusion medium with activated charcoal followed by charcoal removal does not result in an increase of virulence factor expression. At(More)
Legionella pneumophila is a human pathogen causing severe pneumonia called Legionnaires' disease. Multiple Legionella effectors are type IV-secreted into the host cell to establish a specific vesicular compartment for pathogen replication. Recently, it has been reported that the Legionella effector SetA shares sequence similarity with glycosyltransferases(More)
Mono-glycosylation of host proteins is a common mechanism by which bacterial protein toxins manipulate cellular functions of eukaryotic target host cells. Prototypic for this group of glycosyltransferase toxins are Clostridium difficile toxins A and B, which modify guanine nucleotide-binding proteins of the Rho family. However, toxin-induced glycosylation(More)
Lgt1 is one of the glucosyltransferases produced by the Gram-negative bacterium Legionella pneumophila. This enzyme modifies eukaryotic elongation factor 1A (eEF1A) at serine 53, which leads to inhibition of protein synthesis and death of target cells. Here we studied the region of eEF1A, which is essential for substrate recognition by Lgt1. We report that(More)
The glucosyltransferase Lgt1 is one of three glucosylating toxins of Legionella pneumophila, the causative agent of Legionnaires disease. It acts through specific glucosylation of a serine residue (S53) in the eukaryotic elongation factor 1A and belongs to type A glycosyltransferases. High-resolution crystal structures of Lgt1 show an elongated shape of the(More)
Legionella pneumophila, which is the causative organism of Legionnaireś disease, translocates numerous effector proteins into the host cell cytosol by a type IV secretion system during infection. Among the most potent effector proteins of Legionella are glucosyltransferases (lgt's), which selectively modify eukaryotic elongation factor (eEF) 1A at Ser-53 in(More)