Yuriko Wada

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This study evaluated effects of the inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) inhibitor, aminoguanidine (AG), on the neuropathology and clinical disease produced by Theiler's murine encephalomyelitis virus (TMEV) DA strain infection. Treatment with AG was started on day 7, 14, 28 or 66 post-inoculation and continued for a minimum of 21 days. Inflammation,(More)
Theiler's murine encephalomyelitis virus (TMEV) is divided into two subgroups based on neurovirulence. During the acute phase, DA virus infects cells in the gray matter of the central nervous system (CNS). Throughout the chronic phase, DA virus infects glial cells in the white matter, causing demyelinating disease. Although GDVII virus also infects neurons(More)
Viral infections have been associated with the initiation and exacerbations often observed with autoimmune disease. Mechanisms by which viruses may play a role in the development of autoreactive immune responses include polyclonal activation of B and T cells, molecular mimicry, viral infection of immune cells, exposure of sequestered antigens, or altered(More)
Theiler's murine encephalomyelitis virus (TMEV) belongs the family Picornaviridae. TMEV not only replicates in the gastrointestinal tract but also spreads to the central nervous system (CNS) either by a hematogenous or a neural pathway during natural infection. The DA strain of TMEV infects neurons during the acute phase, and glial cells and macrophages(More)
BACKGROUND Sarcoidosis is caused by Th1-type immune responses to unknown agents, and is linked to the infectious agent Propionibacterium acnes. Many strains of P. acnes isolated from sarcoid lesions cause intracellular infection and autophagy may contribute to the pathogenesis of sarcoidosis. We examined whether P. acnes induces autophagy. METHODS Three(More)
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