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The correlation between mutations in the Werner's syndrome (WRN) gene and the haplotypes of surrounding markers was studied in Japanese patients. We have elucidated the genomic structure of WRN helicase, and found five additional mutations, designated mutations 6-10. Mutations 4 and 6 were found to be the two major mutations in this population; these(More)
The ribonucleoprotein enzyme telomerase synthesizes telomeric DNA onto chromosome ends. Telomere length is maintained, by the presence of telomerase activity, in the vast majority of primary tumours and stem cells, suggesting that telomere maintenance is essential for cellular immortalization. Recently, the telomerase RNA component in human and mouse (TERC(More)
The profile of helicase gene mutations was studied in 89 Japanese Werner's syndrome (WRN) patients by examining the previously described mutations 1-4 as well as a new mutation found during this study, designated mutation 5. Of 178 chromosomes (89 patients), 89 chromosomes (50%) had mutation 4, 11 (6.2%) chromosomes had mutation 1, and two chromosomes(More)
The characteristics of B-lymphoblastoid cell strains transformed by Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) from normal individuals and Werner's syndrome (WRN) patients were compared. We continuously passaged cell strains from 28 WRN patients and 20 normal individuals for about 2 years corresponding to over 160 population doubling levels (PDLs). First, the WRN mutation(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Autoimmune pancreatitis is a distinctive disease entity characterized by high serum immunoglobulin G4 concentrations. Because of the close association between some autoimmune diseases and particular alleles of major histocompatibility complex genes, we investigated the association between HLA alleles and autoimmune pancreatitis. METHODS(More)
We found novel extra-chromosomal telomere repeat (ECTR) DNAs in telomerase-negative immortalized KMST-6 cells, by staining these cells with a (TTAGGG)n probe using both cycling oligonucleotide-primed in situ synthesis and by fluorescence in situ hybridization. Relatively small amounts of ECTR DNAs were also observed in telomerase-negative VA13 and SUSM-1(More)
A unique gene, RBP-MS, spanning over 230 kb in the human chromosome 8p11-12 near the Werner syndrome gene locus is described. The single-copy RBP-MS gene is alternatively spliced, resulting in a family of at least 12 transcripts (average length of 1.5 kb). Nine different types of cDNAs that encode an RNa-binding motif at the N terminus and helix-rich(More)
We describe the unique structural features of a large telomere repeat DNA complex (TRDC) of >20 kb generated by a simple PCR using (TTAGGG)(4) and (CCCTAA)(4) as both primers and templates. Although large, as determined by conventional agarose gel electrophoresis, the TRDC was found to consist of short single-stranded DNA telomere repeat units of between(More)
Stanniocalcin (STC) is a glycoprotein hormone that is secreted by the corpuscle of Stannius, an endocrine gland of bony fish. It prevents hypercalcemia via mechanisms including inhibition of calcium uptake across the gills. Mammalian homologues have recently been reported but their function is unknown. Here we report the genomic organization and the(More)
A novel human gene referred to as the Rep-8 gene (D8S2298E) was cloned by a combination of exon trapping, thermal asymmetric interlaced-PCR, and screening of a cDNA library. It is located in human chromosome 8p11.2-p12. The gene consists of eight exons and spans about 20 kb between the glutathione S-reductase and the protein phosphatase 2A beta subunit(More)