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BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The substantia innominata can be visualized on coronal thin-section T2-weighted MR images. The purpose of this study was to investigate the morphologic changes of the substantia innominata in normal aging by using MR imaging and to determine whether the changes in this structure on MR images were specific to Alzheimer disease (AD). (More)
In a population-based prospective study of 19,998 Japanese individuals, consumption of vegetables, green-yellow and green leafy vegetables was inversely associated with the risk of hepatocellular carcinoma (101 cases), with multivariable hazard ratios for the highest vs lowest tertile of 0.61 (95% confidence interval (CI)=0.36-1.03, P(trend)=0.07), 0.65(More)
We measured the thickness of the substantia innominata using magnetic resonance imaging in 122 patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD), 31 patients with dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) and 34 patients with vascular dementia (VaD), and examined the correlates of cognitive response to donepezil. Although all dementia groups showed significant atrophy of the(More)
We attempted to identify the characteristic patterns in regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) of patients with Alzheimer's disease who responded to donepezil therapy. Sixty-one patients treated with donepezil were divided into two groups (responders and nonresponders) on the basis of changes in their Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE) scores from baseline(More)
To investigate whether atrophy of the substantia innominata as shown on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), reflecting degeneration of cholinergic neurons in the nucleus basalis of Meynert, predicts response to donepezil treatment in patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD), we studied correlations between the thickness of the substantia innominata and clinical(More)
A case of neuro-Behçet's disease with dementia and personality changes is described with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), single photon emission tomography (SPECT) and neuropathological findings. MRI disclosed high signal areas in the cerebral white matter and the brain stem. SPECT showed a marked reduction of blood flow in the frontal cortex.(More)
We investigated blood-brain barrier (BBB) permeability in white matter lesions of Binswanger's disease (BD) with contrast-enhanced MRI. Three subject groups were studied: 17 patients with BD and periventricular hyperintensities (PVH) on MRI, 10 patients with ischemic cerebrovascular events and with PVH but no dementia, and 14 age-matched control subjects(More)
We investigated the incidence and the number of microbleeds (MBs) on T2*-weighted gradient-echo magnetic resonance imaging in 30 Binswanger's disease (BD) patients with diffuse white matter lesions and a varying degree of lacunar infarction, 51 multiple lacunar stroke (MLS) patients with multiple lacunar infarction and no or mild white matter lesions, and(More)