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BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The substantia innominata can be visualized on coronal thin-section T2-weighted MR images. The purpose of this study was to investigate the morphologic changes of the substantia innominata in normal aging by using MR imaging and to determine whether the changes in this structure on MR images were specific to Alzheimer disease (AD). (More)
We investigated blood-brain barrier (BBB) permeability in white matter lesions of Binswanger's disease (BD) with contrast-enhanced MRI. Three subject groups were studied: 17 patients with BD and periventricular hyperintensities (PVH) on MRI, 10 patients with ischemic cerebrovascular events and with PVH but no dementia, and 14 age-matched control subjects(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of a catechin-rich beverage on body fat and cardiovascular disease risk factors in obese children and to verify the safety of its use. METHODS AND PROCEDURES Obese or near-obese Japanese children were recruited for this study. A double-blind, randomized, controlled study was performed with a(More)
Long-term treatment with growth hormone (GH) in patients with Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) improves not only height velocity, height standard deviation score, and final height, but also the degree of obesity and body composition abnormalities. Anecdotally, PWS patients tend to suffer from severe obesity and its complications after cessation of GH therapy.(More)
Growth hormone (GH) therapy is now widely given to Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) patients to encourage growth in body height and to prevent obesity. Scoliosis, one of the complications in this syndrome, is thought to be accelerated in parallel with a rapid increase in body height, especially during adolescence. To determine whether GH therapy aggravates(More)
We have previously demonstrated that antigens chemically coupled to the surface of liposomes consisting of unsaturated fatty acids were cross-presented by antigen-presenting cells (APCs) to CD8+ T cells, and that this process resulted in the induction of antigen-specific cytotoxic T lymphocytes. In the present study, the mechanism by which the(More)
We measured the thickness of the substantia innominata using magnetic resonance imaging in 122 patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD), 31 patients with dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) and 34 patients with vascular dementia (VaD), and examined the correlates of cognitive response to donepezil. Although all dementia groups showed significant atrophy of the(More)
CCL19 and CCL21 are thought to be critical for experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) induction, but their precise role is unknown. We examined the role of these chemokines in inducing EAE. C57BL/6 mice lacking expression of these chemokines (plt/plt mice) or their receptor CCR7 were resistant to EAE induced with myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein(More)