Yuriko Tanaka

Haruo Hanyu14
Masaru Takasaki10
14Haruo Hanyu
10Masaru Takasaki
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BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The substantia innominata can be visualized on coronal thin-section T2-weighted MR images. The purpose of this study was to investigate the morphologic changes of the substantia innominata in normal aging by using MR imaging and to determine whether the changes in this structure on MR images were specific to Alzheimer disease (AD). (More)
We investigated blood-brain barrier (BBB) permeability in white matter lesions of Binswanger's disease (BD) with contrast-enhanced MRI. Three subject groups were studied: 17 patients with BD and periventricular hyperintensities (PVH) on MRI, 10 patients with ischemic cerebrovascular events and with PVH but no dementia, and 14 age-matched control subjects(More)
Macrophages play a key role in the innate immune system. Macrophages are thought to originate from hematopoietic precursors or the yolk sac. Here, we describe the in vitro establishment of self-renewable GM-CSF-dependent immature macrophages (GM-IMs) from murine bone marrow (BM). GM-IMs grow continuously in vitro in conditioned medium containing GM-CSF. The(More)
We have previously demonstrated that antigens chemically coupled to the surface of liposomes consisting of unsaturated fatty acids were cross-presented by antigen-presenting cells (APCs) to CD8+ T cells, and that this process resulted in the induction of antigen-specific cytotoxic T lymphocytes. In the present study, the mechanism by which the(More)
We measured the thickness of the substantia innominata using magnetic resonance imaging in 122 patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD), 31 patients with dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) and 34 patients with vascular dementia (VaD), and examined the correlates of cognitive response to donepezil. Although all dementia groups showed significant atrophy of the(More)
Atrophy of the substantia innominata on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), reflecting degeneration of cholinergic neurons in the nucleus basalis of Meynert, may be an in vivo marker of cholinergic damage. We attempted to investigate whether the MRI features of the substantia innominata predict response to donepezil treatment in Alzheimer's patients. The(More)
CD8(+) T cells provide broad immunity to viruses, because they are able to recognize all types of viral proteins. Therefore, the development of vaccines capable of inducing long-lived memory CD8(+) T cells is desired to prevent diseases, especially those for which no vaccines currently exist. However, in designing CD8(+) T cell vaccines, the role of CD4(+)(More)
We compared magnetization transfer ratios (MTRs) in the brains of patients with dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) and Alzheimer's disease (AD) to determine whether regional differences in the brain structures between DLB and AD are detectable with magnetization transfer imaging. Seventeen patients with DLB, 31 patients with AD and 18 elderly normal controls(More)
To investigate whether atrophy of the substantia innominata as shown on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), reflecting degeneration of cholinergic neurons in the nucleus basalis of Meynert, predicts response to donepezil treatment in patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD), we studied correlations between the thickness of the substantia innominata and clinical(More)