Learn More
To identify blood markers for early stages of chronic kidney disease (CKD), blood samples were collected from rats with adenine-induced CKD over 28 days. Plasma samples were subjected to metabolomic profiling by liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry, followed by multivariate analyses. In addition to already-identified uremic toxins, we found that plasma(More)
The carotenoids produced by extremely halophilic archaeon Haloarcula japonica were extracted and identified by their chemical, chromatographic, and spectroscopic characteristics (UV-Vis and mass spectrometry). The composition (mol%) was 68.1% bacterioruberin, 22.5% monoanhydrobacterioruberin, 9.3% bisanhydrobacterioruberin, <0.1% isopentenyldehydrorhodopin,(More)
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a major epidemiologic problem and a risk factor for cardiovascular events and cerebrovascular accidents. Because CKD shows irreversible progression, early diagnosis is desirable. Renal function can be evaluated by measuring creatinine-based estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR). This method, however, has low sensitivity(More)
N-Acetyl-d-glucosamine branches were incorporated at the C-6 position of curdlan, a linear β-1,3-d-glucan, and the resulting nonnatural branched polysaccharides were evaluated in terms of the immunomodulation activities in comparison with lentinan, a β-1,3-d-glucan having d-glucose branches at C-6. To incorporate the amino sugar branches, we conducted a(More)
Various gas atmospheric nonthermal plasmas were generated using a multigas plasma jet to treat microbial suspensions. Results indicated that carbon dioxide and nitrogen plasma had high sterilization effects. Carbon dioxide plasma, which generated the greatest amount of singlet oxygen than other gas plasmas, killed general bacteria and some fungi. On the(More)
We report a fully reversible off-on fluorescence probe for hypoxia. The design employs QSY-21 as a Förster resonance energy transfer (FRET) acceptor and cyanine dye Cy5 as a FRET donor, based on our finding that QSY-21 undergoes one-electron bioreduction to the radical under hypoxia, with an absorbance decrease at 660 nm. At that point, FRET can no longer(More)
The reactions of three α-oxoaldehydes (methylglyoxal, glyoxal, and pyruvic acid) with hydroxyl radicals generated by sonolysis of water were investigated using an electron spin resonance (electron paramagnetic resonance) spin-trapping method, and their reaction kinetics were investigated. It is apparent from our experimental results that methylglyoxal(More)
Vanadium complexes with quinoline ligands (1b-g) and pyridinone ligands (2b-d) were synthesized, and the effect of the length and shape of alkyl chains on the antiproliferative activity toward U937 cells was studied. For the synthesis of the vanadium complexes, quinoline and pyridinone ligands were prepared and then treated with VOSO(4) or VO(acac)(2). The(More)
Vanadyl sulfate (VOSO(4)) has been clinically tested in diabetic patients since 1995. Oral administrations of VOSO(4) improved the type 2 diabetic state with respect to plasma glucose, HbA(1c), and fructosamine levels. The development of toxicity by increasing the administration of VOSO(4) should be avoided. One method was the utilization of vanadyl(More)