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Human epidermal keratinocytes synthesize a complex plasminogen activator proteolytic cascade, consisting of two plasminogen activating enzymes and two inhibitors, that is thought to play a role in epidermal migration and differentiation as well as in several cutaneous diseases. Quantification of the plasminogen activator cascade proteins in keratinocytes(More)
Increased cyclooxygenase (COX-2) expression in tumors is known to be correlated with tumor invasion, angiogenesis, resistance to apoptosis, and suppression of host immunity. We previously reported that the invasiveness of human oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) cell lines NA and HSC-4 was suppressed by treatment with either NS-398, a selective COX-2(More)
Although their mechanisms of action are unclear, a number of growth factors has been shown to promote cutaneous wound repair. Keratinocyte migration and proliferation are required for re-epithelialization, and there is evidence to suggest that these processes may be regulated by one or more growth factors that promote wound repair. Using the phagokinetic(More)
Although human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) predominantly infects epithelial cells in vivo, the majority of studies of HCMV gene expression and replication have been conducted using non-epithelial cell lines in part because of the absence of a good experimental system using epithelial cells. To address the nature of epithelial cell infection, we investigated the(More)
Two transglutaminases (TGase) with estimated molecular weight of 55,000 (55-K TGase) and 120,000 (120-K TGase) were partially purified from the cytosolic fraction of porcine skin (epidermis-rich preparation) using DEAE-cellulose and gel-filtration chromatographies. The enzyme activities of both trans-glutaminases were enhanced more than 20-fold by treatment(More)
Both in cell culture and in vivo, keratinocytes that are migrating in response to a wound express enhanced levels of both urokinase-type plasminogen activator (uPA) and the uPA cell surface receptor (uPA-R). To explore the mechanism of this up-regulation, keratinocyte cultures were treated proir to wounding with a variety of metabolic and growth factor(More)
The involvement of protein kinase C (PKC) in epidermal growth factor (EGF)-induced human keratinocyte migration was studied with the phagokinetic assay. It was concluded that PKC activation does not mediate, but rather inhibits, EGF-induced keratinocyte migration. The following experimental observations support these conclusions: 1) The PKC inhibitor H-7(More)
The distribution of lipocortin I, a steroid-induced inhibitory protein of phospholipase A2, was examined in normal and psoriatic human skin. Using immunoblotting analysis with specific antibody against human lipocortin I purified from human placenta, lipocortin I was detected as a 37 kDa protein in cultured epidermal cells, whole skin and epidermis. In the(More)
S-1, an oral fluorouracil antitumor drug, is composed of three agents: tegafur (FT), 5-chloro-2,4-dihydroxypyridine (CDHP), and potassium oxonate (Oxo). Approximately 50% of oral squamous cell carcinomas (OSCC) exhibit cervical lymph node metastasis. The extent of lymph node involvement is a major determinant in both staging and prognosis of the majority of(More)