Yurii S. Moroz

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Enzymes fold into unique three-dimensional structures, which underlie their remarkable catalytic properties. The requirement to adopt a stable, folded conformation is likely to contribute to their relatively large size (>10,000 Da). However, much shorter peptides can achieve well-defined conformations through the formation of amyloid fibrils. To test(More)
We demonstrated that β-(1-azulenyl)-L-alanine, a fluorescent pseudoisosteric analog of tryptophan, exhibits weak environmental dependence and thus allows for using weak intrinsic quenchers, such as methionines, to monitor protein-protein interactions while not perturbing them.
Toll-like receptors (TLRs) act as the first line of defense against bacterial and viral pathogens by initiating critical defense signals upon dimer activation. The contribution of the transmembrane domain in the dimerization and signaling process has heretofore been overlooked in favor of the extracellular and intracellular domains. As mounting evidence(More)
Despite the progress in creating novel catalysts for nonnatural reactions and reengineering existing enzymes to adopt new properties, the problem of creating a catalyst for a particular chemical transformation is far from solved. Current successful approaches to develop enzymes for nonnatural reactions combine sophisticated computational algorithms with(More)
Water is an integral part of the homotetrameric M2 proton channel of the influenza A virus, which not only assists proton conduction but could also play an important role in stabilizing channel-blocking drugs. Herein, we employ two dimensional infrared (2D IR) spectroscopy and site-specific IR probes, i.e., the amide I bands arising from isotopically(More)
A simple and cost-effective one-pot parallel synthesis approach to sulfides, sulfoxides, and sulfones from thiourea was elaborated. The method combines two procedures optimized to the parallel synthesis conditions: alkylation of thiourea with alkyl chlorides and mono or full oxidation of in situ generated sulfides with H2O2 or H2O2-(NH4)2MoO4. The(More)
Tryptophan (Trp) is a naturally occurring amino acid, which exhibits fluorescence emission properties that are dependent on the polarity of the local environment around the Trp side chain. However, this sensitivity also complicates interpretation of fluorescence emission data. A non-natural analogue of tryptophan, β-(1-azulenyl)-L-alanine, exhibits(More)
We recently reported that a computationally designed catalyst nicknamed AlleyCat facilitates C–H proton abstraction in Kemp elimination at neutral pH in a selective and calcium-dependent fashion by a factor of approximately 100,000 (Korendovych et al. in Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 108:6823, 2011). Kemp elimination produced a colored product that can be(More)
A one-pot parallel synthesis of N(1)-aryl-N(2)-alkyl-substituted oxamides with 2,2,2-trifluoroethyl chlorooxoacetate was developed. The synthesis of a library of 45 oxamides revealed higher efficiency of this reagent over the known ethyl chlorooxoacetate. The reagent was successfully used to prepare the known oxamide-containing HIV entry inhibitors.
One-pot synthesis of 3,5-disubstituted 1,2,4-oxadiazoles from carboxylic acids and nitriles was optimized to parallel chemistry. The method was validated on a 141 member library; the desired products were recovered with a high success rate and in moderate yields. Practical application of the approach was demonstrated in the synthesis of bioactive compound(More)