Yurii S. Borovikov

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In order to understand how the Glu54Lys mutation of alpha-tropomyosin affects actomyosin interactions, we labeled SH1 helix of myosin subfragment-1 (S1) and the actin subdomain-1 with fluorescent probes. These proteins were incorporated into ghost muscle fibers and their conformational states were monitored during the ATPase cycle by measuring polarized(More)
The Glu40Lys and Glu54Lys mutations in alpha-tropomyosin cause dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM). Functional analysis has demonstrated that both mutations decrease thin filament Ca2+-sensitivity and that Glu40Lys reduces maximum activation. To understand the molecular mechanism underlying these changes, we labeled wild type alpha-tropomyosin and both mutants at(More)
The molecular mechanisms by which troponin (TN)-tropomyosin (TM) regulates the myosin ATPase cycle were investigated using fluorescent probes specifically bound to Cys36 of TM, Cys707 of myosin subfragment-1, and Cys374 of actin incorporated into ghost muscle fibers. Intermediate states of actomyosin were simulated by using nucleotides and non-hydrolysable(More)
Dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM), characterized by cardiac dilatation and contractile dysfunction, is a major cause of heart failure. DCM can result from mutations in the gene encoding cardiac α-tropomyosin (TM). In order to understand how the dilated cardiomyopathy-causing Glu40Lys mutation in TM affects actomyosin interactions, thin filaments have been(More)
Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM), characterized by cardiac hypertrophy and contractile dysfunction, is a major cause of heart failure. HCM can result from mutations in the gene encoding cardiac α-tropomyosin (TM). To understand how the HCM-causing Asp175Asn and Glu180Gly mutations in α-tropomyosin affect on actin-myosin interaction during the ATPase cycle,(More)
The effect of twitchin, a thick filament protein of molluscan muscles, on the actin-myosin interaction at several mimicked sequential steps of the ATPase cycle was investigated using the polarized fluorescence of 1.5-IAEDANS bound to myosin heads, FITC-phalloidin attached to actin and acrylodan bound to twitchin in the glycerol-skinned skeletal muscle(More)
To understand the molecular mechanism by which the hypertrophic cardiomyopathy-causing Asp175Asn and Glu180Gly mutations in α-tropomyosin alter contractile regulation, we labeled recombinant wild type and mutant α-tropomyosins with 5-iodoacetamide-fluorescein and incorporated them into the ghost muscle fibers. The orientation and mobility of the probe were(More)
Orientation and mobility of acrylodan fluorescent probe specifically bound to caldesmon Cys580 incorporated into muscle ghost fibers decorated with myosin S1 and containing tropomyosin was studied in the presence or absence of MgADP, MgAMP-PNP, MgATPgammaS or MgATP. Modeling of various intermediate states of actomyosin has shown discrete changes in(More)
Molluscan catch muscles can maintain tension with low or even no energy utilization, and therefore, they represent ideal models for studying energy-saving holding states. For many decades it was assumed that catch is due to a simple slowing of the force-generating myosin head cross-bridge cycles. However, recently evidences increased suggesting that catch(More)
Hybrid contractile apparatus was reconstituted in skeletal muscle ghost fibers by incorporation of skeletal muscle myosin subfragment 1 (S1), smooth muscle tropomyosin and caldesmon. The spatial orientation of FITC-phalloidin-labeled actin and IAEDANS-labeled S1 during sequential steps of the acto-S1 ATPase cycle was studied by measurement of polarized(More)