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Mimivirus is the largest known virus whose genome and physical size are comparable to some small bacteria, blurring the boundary between a virus and a cell. Structural studies of Mimivirus have been difficult because of its size and long surface fibers. Here we report the use of enzymatic digestions to remove the surface fibers of Mimivirus in order to(More)
Isolated human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and HIV-infected human lymphocytes in culture have been imaged for the first time by atomic force microscopy (AFM). Purified virus particles spread on glass substrates are roughly spherical, reasonably uniform, though pleomorphic in appearance, and have diameters of about 120 nm. Similar particles are also seen on(More)
Single-stranded genomic RNAs from four icosahedral viruses (poliovirus, turnip yellow mosaic virus (TYMV), brome mosaic virus (BMV), and satellite tobacco mosaic virus (STMV)) along with the RNA from the helical tobacco mosaic virus (TMV) were extracted using phenol/chloroform. The RNAs were imaged using atomic force microscopy (AFM) under dynamic(More)
Atomic force microscopy (AFM) has been used to image a variety of virus particles in vitro and could, conceivably, be used as a useful diagnostic for their presence, their structural characterization and even their identification. Virus particles can be imaged by AFM in air, under alcohol or in physiological medium, and accurate measurements of their(More)
Ty3, a member of the Metaviridiae family of long-terminal-repeat retrotransposons found in Saccharomyces cerevisiae, encodes homologs of retroviral Gag and Gag-Pol proteins, which, together with genomic RNA, assemble into virus-like particles (VLPs) that undergo processing and reverse transcription. The Ty3 structural proteins, capsid and nucleocapsid,(More)
The crystallization of transfer RNA (tRNA) was investigated using atomic force microscopy (AFM) over the temperature range from 4 to 16 degrees C, and this produced the first in situ AFM images of developing nucleic acid crystals. The growth of the (110) face of hexagonal yeast tRNAPhe crystals was observed to occur at steps on vicinal hillocks generated by(More)
a lattice that has an in-plane orientational epitaxy with the underlying mica lattice. The only reason x-ray analysis can be carried out on these structures is because we are able to signal average over a large collection of prisms that are aligned with one another and epitaxially arranged on the mica support. This approach to controlling and monitoring the(More)
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