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Plant viral vectors allow expression of heterologous proteins at high yields, but so far, they have been unable to express heterooligomeric proteins efficiently. We describe here a rapid and indefinitely scalable process for high-level expression of functional full-size mAbs of the IgG class in plants. The process relies on synchronous coinfection and(More)
Plant biotechnology relies on two approaches for delivery and expression of heterologous genes in plants: stable genetic transformation and transient expression using viral vectors. Although much faster, the transient route is limited by low infectivity of viral vectors carrying average-sized or large genes. We have developed constructs for the efficient(More)
We have developed an efficient, versatile, and user-friendly viral engineering and expression system that is based on in planta assembly of functional viral vectors from separate pro-vector modules. With this new system, instead of supplying a plant cell with a complete viral vector as a mature viral particle, an RNA or a linear DNA molecule, we use(More)
Today, plant biotechnology relies on two processes for delivery and expression of heterologous genes in plants: stable genetic transformation and transient infection with viral vectors. Although much faster, the transient route until recently was limited because of virus' low infectivity and its inability to carry average-size or larger transgenes. A(More)
The use of plant viral vectors for the transient expression of heterologous proteins offers a useful tool for the large-scale production of proteins of industrial importance, such as antibodies and vaccine antigens. In recent years, advances have been made both in the development of first-generation vectors (that employ the 'full virus') and(More)
BACKGROUND Animal and clinical studies with plant-produced single-chain variable fragment lymphoma vaccines have demonstrated specific immunogenicity and safety. However, the expression levels of such fragments were highly variable and required complex engineering of the linkers. Moreover, the downstream processing could not be built around standard methods(More)
Nicotiana tabacum (2n = 48) is a natural amphidiploid with component genomes S and T. We used non-radioactive in situ hybridization to provide physical chromosome markers for N. tabacum, and to determine the extant species most similar to the S and T genomes. Chromosomes of the S genome hybridized strongly to biotinylated total DNA from N. sylvestris, and(More)
We describe here a unique ethanol-inducible process for expression of recombinant proteins in transgenic plants. The process is based on inducible release of viral RNA replicons from stably integrated DNA proreplicons. A simple treatment with ethanol releases the replicon leading to RNA amplification and high-level protein production. To achieve tight(More)
Plant viral vectors delivered by Agrobacterium are the basis of several manufacturing processes that are currently in use for producing a wide range of proteins for multiple applications, including vaccine antigens, antibodies, protein nanoparticles such as virus-like particles (VLPs), and other protein and protein-RNA scaffolds. Viral vectors delivered by(More)
Plague is still an endemic disease in different regions of the world. Increasing reports of incidence, the discovery of antibiotic resistance strains, and concern about a potential use of the causative bacteria Yersinia pestis as an agent of biological warfare have highlighted the need for a safe, efficacious, and rapidly producible vaccine. The use of F1(More)