Learn More
11beta-Hydroxysteroid dehydrogenases (11beta-HSDs) catalyze interconversion of active corticosterone and inert 11-dehydrocorticosterone, thus regulating glucocorticoid access to intracellular receptors in vivo. 11beta-HSD type 1 is a reductase, locally regenerating active glucocorticoids. To explore the role of this isozyme in the brain, we examined(More)
11beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1 (11beta-HSD-1) intracellularly regenerates active corticosterone from circulating inert 11-dehydrocorticosterone (11-DHC) in specific tissues. The hippocampus is a brain structure particularly vulnerable to glucocorticoid neurotoxicity with aging. In intact hippocampal cells in culture, 11beta-HSD-1 acts as a(More)
Essential hypertension is a common human disease believed to result from the interplay of multiple genetic and environmental determinants. In genetic studies of two large panels of hypertensive sibships from widely separated geographical areas, we obtained evidence of genetic linkage between the angiotensinogen gene (AGT) and hypertension, demonstrated(More)
Glucocorticoids play important roles in development and 'fetal programming'. Fetal exposure to excess glucocorticoids reduces birth weight and causes later hypertension. To investigate these processes further we have determined the detailed category of 11 beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type2 (11 beta-HSD2, which potently inactivates glucocorticoids) and(More)
Certain manifestations of alterations of membrane cytoskeleton, protein kinase C activity, and ion transport were revealed in erythrocytes of patients with essential hypertension: 1) the average volume of erythrocytes is reduced by 4%; 2) about 7% of the total number of erythrocytes is represented by cup-shaped forms compared with 1.5 to 3.0% in the control(More)
Collecting duct (CD)-derived endothelin-1 (ET-1) inhibits renal Na reabsorption and its deficiency increases blood pressure (BP). The role of CD endothelin B (ETB) receptors in mediating these effects is unknown. CD-specific knockout of the ETB receptor was achieved using an aquaporin-2 promoter-Cre recombinase transgene and the loxP-flanked ETB receptor(More)
Endothelin B receptors in different tissues regulate diverse physiological responses including vasoconstriction, vasodilatation, clearance of endothelin-1, and renal tubular sodium reabsorption. To examine the role of endothelial cell endothelin B receptors in these processes, we generated endothelial cell-specific endothelin B receptor knockout mice using(More)
The glucocorticoid metabolising enzymes, 11beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenases (11beta-HSD), play a critical role in determining the availability of glucocorticoids to activate their receptors and hence modulate target gene transcription. There are two isozymes, 11beta-HSD-1 and -2, which act in opposing directions. 11beta-HSD-2 acts as a dehydrogenase,(More)
Salt sensitivity of blood pressure is an independent risk factor for cardiovascular morbidity. Mechanistically, abnormal mineralocorticoid action and subclinical renal impairment may blunt the natriuretic response to high sodium intake, causing blood pressure to rise. 11β-Hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 2 (11βHSD2) controls ligand access to the(More)
BACKGROUND Aging is accompanied by increasing vulnerability to pathologies such as atherosclerosis (ATH) and Alzheimer disease (AD). Are these different pathologies, or different presentations with a similar underlying pathoetiology? DISCUSSION Both ATH and AD involve inflammation, macrophage infiltration, and occlusion of the vasculature. Allelic(More)