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To clarify the physiological function of pseudovitamin B(12) in cyanobacteria, we determined pseudovitamin B(12) contents and cobalamin-dependent methionine synthase activity in Synechocystis sp. PCC6803 grown under CoSO(4)-sufficient and -limited conditions. Pseudovitamin B(12) and cobalamin-dependent methionine synthase activity (0.8 nmol/min/mg protein)(More)
The effects of purinoceptor agonists on noradrenaline NA release by electrical stimulation in rat mesenteric arteries were examined to clarify the pharmacological properties of prejunctional purinoceptors on adrenergic nerves. Adenosine and the other P1-receptor agonists, 5'-(N-ethylcarboxamido) adenosine and 2-chloroadenosine, significantly inhibited the(More)
A marine eukaryotic microorganism, Schizochytrium limacinum SR21, had the ability to absorb and accumulate exogenous cobalamin, which was converted to the cobalamin coenzymes 5'-deoxyadenosylcobalamin (20.1%) and methylcobalamin (29.6%). A considerably high activity (about 38 mU/mg protein) of 5'-deoxyadenosylcobalamin-dependent methylmalonyl-CoA mutase (EC(More)
The vitamin B12 concentration of the dried cells of Aphanizomenon flos-aquae was determined by both microbiological method with Lactobacillus delbrueckeii ATCC7830 and chemiluminescence method with intrinsic factor. The Aphanizomenon cells contained 616.3 +/- 30.3 micro g (n = 4) of vitamin B12 per 100 g of the dried cells by the microbiological method. The(More)
Vitamin B12 content (98.8 +/- 5.6 microg/100 g dry weight) of an edible cyanobacterium, Nostoc commune (Ishikurage) was determined by the Lactobacillus delbrueckii ATCC 7830 microbiological method. Bioautography with vitamin B12-dependent Escherichia coli 215 indicated that N. commune contained two (main and minor) corrinoid-compounds. These(More)
The edible blue-green alga (cyanobacterium), Suizenji-nori, contained 143.8+/-22.4 microg of vitamin B(12) per 100 g dry weight of the alga (mean+/-SE, n=4). A corrinoid compound was purified from the dried Suizenji-nori, and partially characterized. The silica gel 60 TLC and reversed-phase HPLC patterns of the purified corrinoid compound were not identical(More)
The usual dietary sources of vitamin B12 are animal-source based foods, including meat, milk, eggs, fish, and shellfish, although a few plant-based foods such as certain types of dried lavers (nori) and mushrooms contain substantial and considerable amounts of vitamin B12, respectively. Unexpectedly, detailed characterization of vitamin B12 compounds in(More)
Significant accumulation of the methylmalonyl-CoA mutase apoenzyme was observed in the photosynthetic flagellate Euglena gracilis Z at the end of the logarithmic growth phase. The apoenzyme was converted to a holoenzyme by incubation for 4 h at 4°C with 10 μM 5′-deoxyadenosylcobalamin, and then, the holoenzyme was purified to homogeneity and characterized.(More)
In this study, the vitamin B12 contents were analyzed in the edible portions of various shellfish (bivalves and snails). High vitamin B12 contents (30.5–53.3 μg/100 g wet weight) were detected in mussels, surf clams, bloody clams, and freshwater clams. However, scallops and abalone had extremely low vitamin B12 contents (0.1–1.1 μg/100 g wet weight) which(More)
Obesity is a major risk factor for type 2 diabetes, which is caused mainly by insulin resistance. Retinol binding protein 4 (RBP4) is the only specific transport protein for retinol in the serum. RBP4 level is increased in the diabetic state and high-fat condition, indicating that retinol metabolism may be affected under these conditions. However, the(More)