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The World Health Organization Fracture Risk Assessment Tool (FRAX®) was recently developed to estimate the 10-year absolute risk of osteoporotic fracture among the general population. However, the evidence for its use in chronic kidney disease patients has been lacking, and the association between the FRAX® and mortality is unknown. Therefore, a(More)
Environmental factors, such as global solar radiation, wind speed, air temperature, humidity, and CO2 concentration, were measured above and within the canopy of a tropical rainforest in Lambir Hills National Park, Sarawak, Malaysia. Few data concerning the environment of this forest have been reported. Intensive observations were carried out in 1998, 1999,(More)
Cyclamen persicum (cyclamen) is a commercially valuable, winter-blooming perennial plant. We cloned two cyclamen orthologues of AGAMOUS (AG), CpAG1 and CpAG2, which are mainly expressed in the stamen and carpel, respectively. Cyclamen flowers have 5 petals, but expression of a chimeric repressor of CpAG1 (CpAG1-SRDX) caused stamens to convert into petals,(More)
BACKGROUND In patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD), although strong associations have been observed between malnutrition and atherosclerosis, the relationship between serum albumin concentration and angiographic changes of coronary artery disease (CAD) remains poorly explored. The goal of the present study was, in patients with CKD, to clarify the(More)
Not uncommonly, hemodialysis patients with normal results in myocardial perfusion tests can still have a cardiac event within 2 years of evaluation. We examined possible risk factors for progression of coronary atherosclerosis in hemodialysis patients. We prospectively evaluated ability of myocardial perfusion imaging carried out under pharmacologic stress(More)
Background: Cardiac deaths andevents tend to cluster within the early-phaseafter starting dialysis. Our goal is toclarify the influence of severity of coronaryatherosclerosis on early-phase death afterstarting hemodialysis (HD) therapy. Patients and Methods: Eighty-threeconsecutive patients [mean age 62 years;male/female 64/19; diabetic nephropathy in(More)
BACKGROUND Non-invasive detection of coronary artery disease (CAD) remains difficult in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD). This study evaluated the ability of pharmacologic stress myocardial perfusion imaging to predict cardiac events in patients with ESRD. METHODS A prospective study was carried out in 49 consecutive patients with ESRD.(More)
BACKGROUND Diabetic haemodialysis patients have a high prevalence of coronary events and very high mortality rates. Percutaneous coronary intervention has become a well-established and routine procedure for coronary revascularization. This study investigated the long-term outcome of multiple repeated interventions in diabetic haemodialysis patients with(More)
BACKGROUND Screening for coronary artery disease (CAD) at the initiation of dialysis is a K/DOQI recommendation. However, it remains unclear when screening for CAD should be repeated in patients without significant disease at the time of starting dialysis. The objectives of this study were to determine: (1) the survival of hemodialysis (HD) patients without(More)
OBJECTIVE Therapies for chronic kidney disease have changed greatly over the last decade. The aim of this study was to examine the changes in the clinical characteristics and carotid atherosclerosis of patients with end-stage kidney disease (ESKD) over the last 9 years. METHODS A cross-sectional study of 150 consecutive patients with ESKD who had(More)