Yuri S Estrin

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We discuss the effect of extreme grain refinement in the bulk of commercial purity titanium (CP, Grade-2) on bacterial attachment to the mechano-chemically polished surfaces of the material. The ultrafine crystallinity of the bulk was achieved by severe plastic deformation by means of equal channel angular pressing (ECAP). The chemical composition,(More)
This work is part of a general effort to demonstrate the effect of the bulk microstructure of titanium as a model bone implant material on viability of osteoblasts (bone-forming cells). The objective of this work was to study the proliferation of preosteoblastic MC3T3-E1 cells extracted from mice embryos on commercial purity titanium substrates. Two(More)
Highly porous titanium with aligned large pores up to 500 μm in size, which is suitable for scaffold applications, was successfully fabricated using the reverse freeze casting method. In this process we have newly developed, the Ti powders migrated spontaneously along the pre-aligned camphene boundaries at a temperature of 45.5°C and formed a(More)
The influence of the ultrafine crystallinity of commercial purity grade 2 (as-received) titanium and titanium modified by equal channel angular pressing (modified titanium) on bacterial attachment was studied. A topographic profile analysis of the surface of the modified titanium revealed a complex morphology of the surface. Its prominent micro- and(More)
Despite the volume of work that has been conducted on the topic, the role of surface topography in mediating bacterial cell adhesion is not well understood. The primary reason for this lack of understanding is the relatively limited extent of topographical characterisation employed in many studies. In the present study, the topographies of three(More)
Magnesium and its alloys are candidate materials for biodegradable implants; however, excessively rapid corrosion behavior restricts their practical uses in biological systems. For such applications, surface modification is essential, and the use of anticorrosion coatings is considered as a promising avenue. In this study, we coated Mg with hydroxyapatite(More)
Commercial purity titanium with an average grain size in the low sub-micron range was produced by equal channel angular pressing (ECAP). Attachment of human bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) to the surface of conventional coarse grained and ECAP-modified titanium was studied. It was demonstrated that the attachment and spreading of hMSCs in(More)
This paper reports a new approach to fabricating biocompatible porous titanium with controlled pore structure and net-shape. The method is based on using sacrificial Mg particles as space holders to produce compacts that are mechanically stable and machinable. Using magnesium granules and Ti powder, Ti/Mg compacts with transverse rupture strength (~85 MPa)(More)
Porous Ti has been widely investigated for orthopedic and dental applications on account of their ability to promote implant fixation via bone ingrowth into pores. In this study, highly aligned porous Ti scaffolds coated with a bone morphogenetic protein (BMP)-loaded silica/chitosan hybrid were produced, and their bone regeneration ability was evaluated by(More)
The article presents arrangements of identical regular polyhedra with very special and curious properties. Namely, the solids are situated in a sort of a layer and are interlocked in the sense that no one of them can be moved out without disturbing others. This situation cannot happen in the plane. First examples of this sort (composed of irregular convex(More)