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Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have the capability for renewal and differentiation into various lineages of mesenchymal tissues. These features of MSCs attract a lot of attention from investigators in the context of cell-based therapies of several human diseases. Despite the fact that bone marrow represents the main available source of MSCs, the use of bone(More)
The microarchitecture and cell composition of intima were studied at the macroscopically unaffected branch regions of human thoracic aorta using en face preparations, scanning and transmission electron microscopy, and immunohistochemistry. The endothelial lining showed a heterogeneous pattern and altered morphology including the areas of(More)
Characteristics of miniband tunneling and Wannier-Stark levels in semiconductor superlattices are studied as regards their dependence on the symmetry of the unit cells and the type of miniband structure. We modify the k ⋅ p method into a k ⋅ v form and on this basis generalize the Zener formula for the inter-band tunneling in homogeneous semiconductors to(More)
Single cells and cell culture are very good model for estimation of primary effects of gravitational changes. It is suggested that cell cytoskeleton plays a key role in mechanisms of adaptation to mechanical influences including gravitational ones. Our results demonstrated that cultured cells of human vascular endothelium (correction of endotheliun) are(More)
Cell-to-cell interactions play an important role in all physiological processes and are mediated by humoral and mechanical factors. Mechanosensitive cells (e.g., osteocytes, chondrocytes, and fibroblasts) can be studied ex vivo to understand the effects of an altered gravity environment. In particular, cultured endothelial cells (EC) are very sensitive to a(More)
Comparative study of cultured human bone marrow and adipose tissue (lipoaspirate) mesenchymal stem cells was carried out. The main morphological parameters, proliferative activity, expression of surface and intracellular markers of these cells were characterized. Flow cytofluorometry and histological staining showed that both cell types exhibited similar(More)
Human umbilical vein endothelial cells (EC) were grown on elastic silicone membranes subjected to cyclic stretch, simulating arterial wall motion. Stretching conditions (20% amplitude, 52 cycle/min) stimulated stress fiber formation and their orientation transversely to the strain direction. Cell bodies aligned along the same axis after the actin(More)
AIMS Velocity changes in the solar wind, recorded by satellite (IMP8 and Wind) are characterized by a solar cycle dependent approximately 1.3-year component. The presence of any approximately 1.3-year component in human blood pressure (BP) and heart rate (HR) and in mortality from myocardial infarction (MI) is tested and its relative prominence compared to(More)
The role that the intracellular mediators, cAMP and Ca2+/phosphatidylserine-dependent protein kinase C, play in the regulation of endothelial cell (EC) motility was investigated. The adenylate cyclase activator, forskolin, at 10 microM induced rapid and reversible alterations in the shape of cultured human EC, disappearance of actin bundles and the(More)
The distribution of a soluble form of a cell adhesion molecule, P-selectin, in human platelets and cultivated endothelial cells has been studied by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The concentration of soluble P-selectin in the blood plasma of healthy donors and patients with abnormal platelet count has also been determined. P-selectin was(More)