Yuri Gonchar

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In the cortex inhibition is mediated predominantly by GABAergic interneurons. Although all of these neurons use the same neurotransmitter, studies in the rat frontal cortex have shown that they are molecularly and physiologically diverse. It is not known whether similar subgroups of GABAergic neurons exist in primary visual cortex and how these different(More)
The majority of cortical interneurons use GABA (gamma amino butyric acid) as inhibitory neurotransmitter. GABAergic neurons are morphologically, connectionally, electrically and chemically heterogeneous. In rat cerebral cortex three distinct groups of GABAergic interneurons have been identified by the expression of parvalbumin (PV), calretinin (CR) and(More)
In rat visual cortex neurons that are immunoreactive for the calcium-binding protein calretinin (CR+) constitute a distinct family which accounts for 17% of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA)-expressing cells. It is not clear, however, (i) whether CR is expressed exclusively in GABAergic neurons and (ii) how CR+ neurons are incorporated into neuronal circuits(More)
Processing of visual information is performed in different cortical areas that are interconnected by feedforward (FF) and feedback (FB) pathways. Although FF and FB inputs are excitatory, their influences on pyramidal neurons also depend on the outputs of GABAergic neurons, which receive FF and FB inputs. Rat visual cortex contains at least three different(More)
In cortical neurons, pore-forming alpha-subunits of the Kv4 subfamily underlie the fast transient outward K+ current (I(A)). Considerable evidence has accumulated demonstrating specific roles for I(A) channels in the generation of individual action potentials and in the regulation of repetitive firing. Although I(A) channels are thought to play a role in(More)
In rat visual cortex, forward and feedback interareal pathways innervate both pyramidal and gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA)ergic (Johnson and Burkhalter [1996] J. Comp. Neurol. 368:383-398). GABAergic neurons consist of different cell types of which the largest group expresses parvalbumin (PV; Gonchar and Burkhalter [1997] Cereb. Cortex 4:347-358). Here, we(More)
Using whole cell recordings, we studied excitatory and inhibitory postsynaptic currents (EPSCs, IPSCs) in feedforward (FF) and feedback (FB) circuits between areas V1 and LM (lateromedial) in developing mouse visual cortex. We found that in mice reared with normal visual experience, FF and FB synapses onto layer 2/3 pyramidal neurons develop equal but(More)
Although studies in the visual cortex have found gamma-aminobutyric acid B (GABA(B)) receptor-mediated pre- and postsynaptic inhibitory effects on neurons, the subcellular localization of GABA(B) receptors in different types of cortical neurons and synapses has not been shown directly. To provide this information, we have used antibodies against the GABA(B)(More)
Nuclear Ca2+ plays a critical role in many cellular functions although its mode (s) of regulation is unclear. This study shows that the metabotropic glutamate receptor, mGlu5, mobilizes nuclear Ca2+ independent of cytosolic Ca2+ regulation. Immunocytochemical, ultrastructural, and subcellular fractionation techniques revealed that the metabotropic glutamate(More)
In cerebral cortex of rat and monkey, the neuropeptide somatostatin (SOM) marks a population of nonpyramidal cells (McDonald et al. [1982] J. Neurocytol. 11:809-824; Hendry et al. [1984] J. Neurosci. 4:2497:2517; Laemle and Feldman [1985] J. Comp. Neurol. 233:452-462; Meineke and Peters [1986] J. Neurocytol. 15:121-136; DeLima and Morrison [1989] J. Comp.(More)