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OBJECTIVE To evaluate the effects of an HIV prevention intervention with social networks of young men who have sex with men (YMSM) in St. Petersburg, Russia and Sofia, Bulgaria. DESIGN A two-arm randomized trial with a longitudinally-followed community cohort. METHODS Fifty-two MSM social networks were recruited through access points in high-risk(More)
HIV/AIDS has emerged as a grave public health threat in Central and Eastern Europe and in the Central Asian republics over the past five years. Massive political, social, cultural, and behavioural changes - along with economic upheaval and collapse of the public health infrastructure in many countries - have created circumstances conducive to the rapid(More)
In this paper, we report on the results of what we believe to be the first population-based, random-digit telephone AIDS survey conducted in Russia. Recent and rapidly increasing STD and HIV rates show the extremely urgent need for HIV prevention programmes in Russia. HIV sexual risk behaviour, knowledge, attitudes, and personal concern characteristics were(More)
HIV is a growing public health threat in Central and Eastern Europe. In Hungary and a number of other countries, men who have sex with men (MSM) account for a high proportion of HIV infections. However, there has been very little systematic study of the sexual risk practices and characteristics of MSM in this region. This study surveyed 469 MSM recruited in(More)
BACKGROUND Russia is experiencing one of the sharpest increases in HIV incidence in the world. Almost no research has examined patterns of risk behavior among Russian men who have sex with men (MSM). DESIGN AND METHODS A total of 434 MSM were surveyed in all of St. Petersburg's gay-identified clubs during June 2000. Men completed questionnaires about(More)
Most acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) service providers are in countries with little access to scientific developments relevant to their programs. It is critical to transfer advances from the scientific arena to service providers on a global scale. Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) prevention organizations in 78 countries were randomized to(More)
Although the dire life circumstances of labor migrants working in Russia are well-known, their HIV risk vulnerability and prevention needs are understudied. Low socioeconomic status, lack of access to services, separation from family, and limited risk awareness all contribute to migrants' HIV vulnerability. Male labor migrants in St. Petersburg (n = 499)(More)
HIV seroconversions and sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are often clustered in social networks within community populations. The present study was carried out among men who have sex with men in Russia, where a major HIV epidemic is unfolding, and where social networks have played a historically important role. In all, 38 social networks were recruited(More)
INTRODUCTION The proportion of people living with HIV (PLH) in care and on antiretroviral therapy (ART) in Russia is lower than in Sub-Saharan Africa (1). This is undoubtedly due to a variety of systems and structural issues related to poor treatment access, linkage and care delivery models. However, little research has explored the reasons that PLH are not(More)
This study recruited four sociocentric networks (n = 156) of men who have sex with men in Budapest, Hungary, and St. Petersburg, Russia. The sampling approach was based on identifying an initial "seed" in the community for each network, and then recruiting three successive friendship group waves out from the seed. HIV prevalence in the networks was 9%, and(More)