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Lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) is a lipid mediator with diverse effects on various cells. Here, we investigated the effects of LPA on human colon carcinoma DLD1 cells. Northern blot analysis revealed that DLD1 highly expressed LPA1/Edg-2 but showed only low expression of LPA2/Edg-4 and no expression of LPA3/Edg-7 at the mRNA level. Western blot analysis(More)
3-Hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-coenzyme A (HMG-CoA) reductase inhibitors have been developed as lipid-lowering drugs, and are well recognized to reduce morbidity and mortality from coronary artery disease. Several recent experimental studies have focused on the inhibitory effects of HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor on tumor cell growth in vitro and in vivo,(More)
BACKGROUND Monocytes are the main effector cells of the immune system, and the regulation of their survival and apoptosis is essential for monocyte-involved immune responses. Green tea polyphenol catechin has been reported to have antiallergic and anti-inflammatory activities, but its effect on monocytes has not yet been explored. OBJECTIVE To elucidate(More)
Endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) have been recently found to exist circulating in peripheral blood of adults, and home to sites of neovascularization in peripheral tissues. They can also be differentiated from peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMNCs). In tumor tissues, EPCs are found in highly vascularized lesions. Few reports exist in the literature(More)
Overcoming immune tolerance of tumor angiogenesis should be useful for adjuvant therapy of cancer. We hypothesized that vaccination with autologous endothelium would induce an autoimmune response targeting tumor angiogenesis. To test this concept, we immunized BALB/c mice with a vaccine of glutaraldehyde-fixed murine hepatic sinusoidal endothelial cells(More)
Chloroquine (CQ), the worldwide used anti-malarial drug, has recently being focused as a potential anti-cancer agent as well as a chemosensitizer when used in combination with anti-cancer drugs. It has been shown to inhibit cell growth and/or to induce cell death in various types of cancer. 5-Fluorouracil (5-FU) is the chemotherapeutic agent of first choice(More)
BACKGROUND Epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG), the major component of tea polyphenol, has been reported to have various physiologic modulatory activities. Several reports also have shown that catechin has a protective effect against HIV infection, part of which is mediated by inhibiting virions to bind to the target cell surface. OBJECTIVE We investigated(More)
Vaccines targeting tumour angiogenesis were recently shown to inhibit tumour growth in animal models. However, there is still a lack of information about the clinical utility of anti-angiogenic vaccination. Therefore, here, we aimed to test the clinical effects of a vaccine using glutaraldehyde-fixed human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). Six(More)
Angiogenesis plays a pivotal role in the aggressive proliferation of synovial cells in rheumatoid arthritis. We have previously reported the overexpression of inhibitor of DNA binding/differentiation (Id) in the endothelial cells within the synovial tissues of rheumatoid arthritis. In this study, we investigated the role of Id in inflammation and(More)
Sulforaphane (SUL), one of the isothiocyanates (ITCs), has recently been focused due to its inhibitory effects on tumor cell growth in vitro and in vivo, which is dependent on the direct effect on cancer cells. In the present study, we aimed to investigate the potential anti-angiogenic effect of SUL and its mechanism of action. Using the human umbilical(More)