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Angiogenesis plays a pivotal role in the aggressive proliferation of synovial cells in rheumatoid arthritis. We have previously reported the overexpression of inhibitor of DNA binding/differentiation (Id) in the endothelial cells within the synovial tissues of rheumatoid arthritis. In this study, we investigated the role of Id in inflammation and(More)
Lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) is a lipid mediator with diverse effects on various cells. Here, we investigated the effects of LPA on human colon carcinoma DLD1 cells. Northern blot analysis revealed that DLD1 highly expressed LPA1/Edg-2 but showed only low expression of LPA2/Edg-4 and no expression of LPA3/Edg-7 at the mRNA level. Western blot analysis(More)
BACKGROUND Chloroquine (CQ), the worldwide used anti-malarial drug, has recently being focused as a potential anti-cancer agent as well as a chemosensitizer when used in combination with anti-cancer drugs. It has been shown to inhibit cell growth and/or to induce cell death in various types of cancer. 5-Fluorouracil (5-FU) is the chemotherapeutic agent of(More)
BACKGROUND Monocytes are the main effector cells of the immune system, and the regulation of their survival and apoptosis is essential for monocyte-involved immune responses. Green tea polyphenol catechin has been reported to have antiallergic and anti-inflammatory activities, but its effect on monocytes has not yet been explored. OBJECTIVE To elucidate(More)
AIMS To review the concept of tumour angiogenesis and anti-angiogenic therapy, limitations of recently used anti-angiogenic therapeutics; provide an up-to-date overview of the growing number of reports on vaccines targeting tumour angiogenesis; and finally discuss potential complications and future directions in the development of more potent and specific(More)
BACKGROUND Epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG), the major component of tea polyphenol, has been reported to have various physiologic modulatory activities. Several reports also have shown that catechin has a protective effect against HIV infection, part of which is mediated by inhibiting virions to bind to the target cell surface. OBJECTIVE We investigated(More)
3-Hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-coenzyme A (HMG-CoA) reductase inhibitors have been developed as lipid-lowering drugs, and are well recognized to reduce morbidity and mortality from coronary artery disease. Several recent experimental studies have focused on the inhibitory effects of HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor on tumor cell growth in vitro and in vivo,(More)
Vaccines targeting tumour angiogenesis were recently shown to inhibit tumour growth in animal models. However, there is still a lack of information about the clinical utility of anti-angiogenic vaccination. Therefore, here, we aimed to test the clinical effects of a vaccine using glutaraldehyde-fixed human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). Six(More)
Overcoming immune tolerance of tumor angiogenesis should be useful for adjuvant therapy of cancer. We hypothesized that vaccination with autologous endothelium would induce an autoimmune response targeting tumor angiogenesis. To test this concept, we immunized BALB/c mice with a vaccine of glutaraldehyde-fixed murine hepatic sinusoidal endothelial cells(More)
BACKGROUND Sulforaphane (SUL), an isothiocyanate naturally present in widely consumed vegetables, particularly broccoli, has recently attracted attention due to its inhibitory effects on tumor cell growth by inducing apoptosis. We investigated the ability of SUL to induce autophagy in human colon cancer cells and whether inhibition of autophagy could(More)