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BACKGROUND Members of the homeodomain-leucine zipper (HD-Zip) gene family encode transcription factors that are unique to plants and have diverse functions in plant growth and development such as various stress responses, organ formation and vascular development. Although systematic characterization of this family has been carried out in Arabidopsis and(More)
Sensitization of cancer cells to apoptosis induced by tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) by luteolin has been suggested by in vitro studies. However, no in vivo experiment has been reported to validate the potentiation effect of luteolin on TRAIL's anticancer activity. In this report, we first confirmed that luteolin potentiates(More)
Combination of tumor necrosis factor–related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) with other agents is a promising strategy to overcome TRAIL resistance in malignant cells. Wogonin, a flavonoid originated from Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi, has been shown to enhance TRAIL-induced apoptosis in malignant cells in in vitro studies. However, whether wogonin(More)
This study made an initial attempt to measure and attribute online game addiction among Chinese college students. We generated three factors of online game addiction: Control Disorder, Conflict, and Injury, as well as proposed a comprehensive model that attributed online game addiction to three groups of driving forces: environmental influences (most(More)
Activation of CD40 by CD40L results in diverse effects on different malignant cells, causing either promotion of survival, growth and resistance to chemotherapy, or induction of cytostasis and apoptosis. The molecular mechanisms underlying CD40-mediated growth regulation and apoptosis induction in cancer cell are not fully understood. In this study, we(More)
Nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) and Akt are two major cell-survival pathways that are often constitutively activated in cancer cells. It has been established that these two pathways contribute substantially toward the chemoresistance of cancer cells. Our previous study has demonstrated that NF-κB and Akt cooperatively blunt cytotoxicity induced by cisplatin or(More)
A bifunctional ultrathin film (UTF) electrode was fabricated based on layered double hydroxides (LDHs) and spiropyran (SP), which exhibited electrochromism and electrochemiluminescence (ECL) sensing behavior toward temperature and Zn2+ ions.
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