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Corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF), which activates the hypothalamic-pituitary- adrenal axis under stress, also has proinflammatory peripheral effects possibly through mast cells. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of urocortin (UCN), a 40-amino-acid CRF family peptide, on degranulation and intracellular calcium of rat lung mast(More)
BACKGROUND Cysteinyl leukotrienes and their receptors have been shown to be involved in the generation of neuropathic pain. We performed this study to determine the antagonistic effect of montelukast, a cysteinyl leukotrienes receptor antagonist, on neuropathic pain and its underlying mechanism. METHODS Neuropathic pain was induced by chronic constriction(More)
Adenovirus is widely used in gene therapy and vaccination as a viral vector, and its hypervariable regions (HVRs) on hexon are the main antigen recognition sites of adenovirus. The modification of this area by genetic engineering will change the antigenic specificity of the virus. In addition, recent studies have demonstrated the importance of coagulation(More)
Urocortin (UCN), a newly identified, 40-amino-acid, corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH) structurally related peptide, has been demonstrated to be expressed in the central nervous system and many peripheral tissues of rats and man. This study aimed to investigate the expression profile of UCN in rat lung and the effect of UCN on lung vascular permeability.(More)
Presence of basic calcium phosphate in knee joints of osteoarthritis patients could be prevented by inhibiting tissue non-specific alkaline phosphatase (TNAP) activity. Levamisole or the L stereoisomer of tetramisole (a known TNAP inhibitor) has been used as a treatment for curing rheumatoid arthritis but its therapeutical use is limited due to side(More)
Dexmedetomidine has been reported to reduce mortality in septic rats. This study was designed to investigate the effects of dexmedetomidine on inflammatory reaction in lung tissues of septic rats induced by CLP. After induction of sepsis, the rats were treated with normal saline or dexmedetomidine (5, 10, or 20 μg/kg). The survival rate of septic rats in 24(More)
A new probe/Cu(2+) complex for the detection of his-tagged protein has been developed, based on an improved probe, Dansyl-Gly-Py (1), by closely mimicing the structure of a peptide, ATCUN. In aqueous solution, 1/Cu(2+) has good selectivity to histidine and cysteine, and further can detect histidine-rich protein by releasing the quenched fluorescence of 1.
BACKGROUND/AIMS Ketamine has been reported to exert anti-inflammatory effects on astrocytes stimulated by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) in vitro and in vivo. However, the mechanism has not been elicited clearly. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of ketamine on TLR4 expression and NF-ĸB-p65 phosphorylation, as well as the production of(More)
Interleukin (IL)-10 is an important immunoregulatory and anti-inflammatory cytokine, whereas nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB) plays an important role in the pathogenesis of asthma. In the present study, the effects of montelukast on the level of IL-10 and on the activation of NF-kappaB in the inflammatory airway of asthmatic guinea pigs were investigated.(More)