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Collecting duct (CD)-specific knockout (KO) of endothelin-1 (ET-1) causes hypertension, impaired ability to excrete a Na load, and enhanced CD sensitivity to the hydrosmotic effects of vasopressin (AVP). CD express the two known ET receptors, ET(A) and ET(B); in the current study, the role of the CD ET(A) receptor in mediating ET-1 actions on this nephron(More)
Renal collecting duct (CD)-specific knockout of endothelin-1 (ET-1) causes hypertension and impaired Na excretion. A previous study noted failure to suppress the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone axis in these knockout (KO) mice, hence the current investigation was undertaken to examine the role of this system in CD ET-1 KO. Renal renin content was similar in(More)
Collecting duct (CD)-derived endothelin-1 (ET-1) exerts natriuretic, diuretic, and hypotensive effects. In vitro studies have implicated cyclooxygenase (COX) metabolites, and particularly PGE(2), as important mediators of CD ET-1 effects. However, it is unknown whether PGE(2) mediates CD-derived ET-1 actions in vivo. To test this, CD ET-1 knockout (KO) and(More)
In vitro studies suggest that collecting duct-derived (CD-derived) endothelin-1 (ET-1) can regulate renal Na reabsorption; however, the physiologic role of CD-derived ET-1 is unknown. Consequently, the physiologic effect of selective disruption of the ET-1 gene in the CD of mice was determined. Mice heterozygous for aquaporin2 promoter Cre recombinase and(More)
In vitro studies suggest that endothelin-1 (ET-1) inhibits vasopressin (AVP)-stimulated water permeability in the collecting duct (CD). To evaluate the role of CD-derived ET-1 in regulating renal water metabolism, the ET-1 gene was selectively disrupted in the CD (CD ET-1 KO). During normal water intake, urinary osmolality (Uosm), plasma Na concentration,(More)
The collecting duct (CD) endothelin (ET) system regulates blood pressure (BP) and Na excretion. CD-specific knockout (KO) of ET-1 causes hypertension, CD-specific KO of the ETA receptor does not alter BP, while CD-specific KO of the ETB receptor increases BP to a lesser extent than CD ET-1 KO. These findings suggest a paracrine role for CD-derived ET-1;(More)
Mice with a collecting duct-specific deletion of endothelin-1 are hypertensive and have impaired Na excretion. Because endothelin-1 activates NO synthase (NOS) in the collecting duct, we hypothesized that impaired renal NO production in knockout mice exacerbates the hypertensive state. Control and knockout mice were treated chronically with(More)
Collecting duct (CD)-derived endothelin-1 (ET-1) inhibits renal Na reabsorption and its deficiency increases blood pressure (BP). The role of CD endothelin B (ETB) receptors in mediating these effects is unknown. CD-specific knockout of the ETB receptor was achieved using an aquaporin-2 promoter-Cre recombinase transgene and the loxP-flanked ETB receptor(More)
To guide the administration of fat emulsion in the nutritional support of acute renal failure (ARF), pharmacokinetic analysis with an one-compartment open model after bolus intravenous injection was performed to compare the elimination kinetics of long-chain triglycerides (LCT) and medium-chain triglycerides (MCT) in ischemic acute renal failure rats.(More)