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BACKGROUND Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common endocrine disorder associated with an increased risk of type II diabetes mellitus. The results of previous research about the association of the VNTR polymorphism in 5-prime flanking region of the insulin (INS) gene with PCOS have been inconsistent. The present study was to investigate the association(More)
Insulin resistance, recently recognized as a strong predictor of disease in adults, has become the leading element of the metabolic syndrome and renewed as a focus of research. The condition exists when insulin levels are higher than expected relative to the level of glucose. Thus, insulin resistance is by definition tethered to hyperinsulinemia. The rising(More)
Follicle-stimulating hormone receptor (FSHR) is selectively expressed in endothelial cells of prostate cancer (PCa) and becomes a potential target for tumor diagnosis and therapy. (18)F-Al-NOTA-MAL-FSH1 is a promising PET imaging probe for targeting FSHR; however, the unfavorable abdominal backgrounds may hamper clinical translation. GGGRDN is a new(More)
UNLABELLED (18)F-FPPRGD2, which was approved for clinical study recently, has favorable properties for integrin targeting and showed potential for antiangiogenic therapy and early response monitoring. However, the time-consuming multiple-step synthesis may limit its widespread applications in the clinic. In this study, we developed a simple lyophilized kit(More)
PURPOSE Glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor (GLP-1R) is a specific target for insulinomas imaging since it is overexpressed in the tumor. Exendin-4 exhibits high affinity for the GLP-1R. In this study, a novel (18)F-labeled exendin-4 analog, (18)F-FBEM-Cys(39)-exendin-4, was synthesized and its potentials for GLP-1R imaging were also evaluated. METHODS(More)
PURPOSE Follicle-stimulating hormone receptor (FSHR) is overexpressed in primary and metastatic tumor. Molecular imaging of FSHR is beneficial for prognosis and therapy of cancer. FSHβ(33-53) (YTRDLVYKDPARPKIQKTCTF), denoted as FSH1, is a FSHR antagonist. In the present study, maleimide-NOTA conjugate of FSH1 (NOTA-MAL-FSH1) was designed and labeled with(More)
The present study examined the effects of Gouqi (Lycium barbarum) on the learning and memory abilities of an APP/PS1 double transgenic mouse model of Alzheimer's disease. We employed a Morris water maze to examine the spatial memory in this mice line with or without Gouqi extracts treatment. We identified that 2 weeks of oral administration of Gouqi(More)
BACKGROUND To investigate the expression of Beclin-1 mRNA and protein in eutopic and ectopic endometrium of women with and without endometriosis, and evaluate the association of Beclin-1 protein expression and serum CA125 levels in the endometriosis group due to CA125 being a well-known biomarker of endometriosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS The expression(More)
BACKGROUND MiRNAs play important roles in regulating many fundamental biological processes. Deregulation of miRNAs is involved in the initiation and progression of cancer. MiR-193b is regarded as tumor suppressor in many types of cancers. However, the role of miR-193b in ovarian cancer is poorly understood. MATERIAL AND METHODS The expression level of(More)
Six new casbane diterpenoids, named as sinularcasbanes A-F (1-6), along with six known analogues 7-12, were isolated from a South China Sea soft coral, Sinularia sp. The structures of the new compounds were elucidated by extensive spectroscopic analysis and by comparison with data reported in the literature. All compounds were evaluated for their(More)