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Insulin resistance, recently recognized as a strong predictor of disease in adults, has become the leading element of the metabolic syndrome and renewed as a focus of research. The condition exists when insulin levels are higher than expected relative to the level of glucose. Thus, insulin resistance is by definition tethered to hyperinsulinemia. The rising(More)
UNLABELLED (18)F-FPPRGD2, which was approved for clinical study recently, has favorable properties for integrin targeting and showed potential for antiangiogenic therapy and early response monitoring. However, the time-consuming multiple-step synthesis may limit its widespread applications in the clinic. In this study, we developed a simple lyophilized kit(More)
BACKGROUND Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common endocrine disorder associated with an increased risk of type II diabetes mellitus. The results of previous research about the association of the VNTR polymorphism in 5-prime flanking region of the insulin (INS) gene with PCOS have been inconsistent. The present study was to investigate the association(More)
Six new casbane diterpenoids, named as sinularcasbanes A-F (1-6), along with six known analogues 7-12, were isolated from a South China Sea soft coral, Sinularia sp. The structures of the new compounds were elucidated by extensive spectroscopic analysis and by comparison with data reported in the literature. All compounds were evaluated for their(More)
Bu Shen Huo Xue formula (BSHX) is a traditional Chinese medicine prescription used for clinical treatment of chronic kidney diseases. A rapid and selective Ultra fast liquid chromatography with tandem mass spectrometry (UFLC-MS/MS) method was developed for simultaneous determination of four bioactive components of BSHX including formononetin,(More)
Malignant gliomas are the most common type of primary malignancy of the central nervous system, with a poor prognosis. The therapeutic options for malignant gliomas are limited and far from satisfactory, and novel treatment strategies are urgently required to improve the outcome of the disease. Insulin‑like growth factor (IGF)/IGF‑1 receptor (IGF‑1R)(More)
BACKGROUND To investigate the expression of Beclin-1 mRNA and protein in eutopic and ectopic endometrium of women with and without endometriosis, and evaluate the association of Beclin-1 protein expression and serum CA125 levels in the endometriosis group due to CA125 being a well-known biomarker of endometriosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS The expression(More)
Glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor (GLP-1R) is a specific target for insulinomas imaging since it is overexpressed in the tumor. Exendin-4 exhibits high affinity for the GLP-1R. In this study, a novel 18F-labeled exendin-4 analog, 18F-FBEM–Cys39-exendin-4, was synthesized and its potentials for GLP-1R imaging were also evaluated. 18F-FBEM was synthesized by(More)
Follicle-stimulating hormone receptor (FSHR) is selectively expressed in endothelial cells of prostate cancer (PCa) and becomes a potential target for tumor diagnosis and therapy. (18)F-Al-NOTA-MAL-FSH1 is a promising PET imaging probe for targeting FSHR; however, the unfavorable abdominal backgrounds may hamper clinical translation. GGGRDN is a new(More)
Follicle-stimulating hormone receptor (FSHR) is overexpressed in primary and metastatic tumor. Molecular imaging of FSHR is beneficial for prognosis and therapy of cancer. FSHβ(33–53) (YTRDLVYKDPARPKIQKTCTF), denoted as FSH1, is a FSHR antagonist. In the present study, maleimide-NOTA conjugate of FSH1 (NOTA-MAL-FSH1) was designed and labeled with [18F](More)