Learn More
Hypoxia stimulates tumor angiogenesis by inducing the expression of angiogenic molecules. The negative regulators of this process, however, are not well understood. Here, we report that hypoxia induced the expression of insulin-like growth factor binding protein-6 (IGFBP-6), a tumor repressor, in human and rodent vascular endothelial cells (VECs) via a(More)
Hypoxia-inducible factors 1-3 (HIF1-3) are transcription factors that regulate gene expression in response to hypoxia. Compared with our extensive understanding of HIF-1 and HIF-2, our knowledge of HIF-3 is limited. In this study, we characterized the zebrafish hif-3α gene and determined its temporal and spatial expression, physiological regulation, and(More)
REDD1/redd1 is a stress-response gene that is induced under various stressful conditions such as hypoxia, DNA damage, and energy stress. The increased REDD1 inhibits mTOR signaling and cell growth. Here we report an unexpected role of Redd1 in regulating dorsoventral patterning in zebrafish embryos and the underlying mechanisms. Zebrafish redd1 mRNA is(More)
IGFBP3 is a multi-functional protein that has IGF-dependent and IGF-independent actions in cultured cells. Here we show that the IGF binding domain (IBD), nuclear localization signal (NLS) and transactivation domain (TA) are conserved and functional in zebrafish Igfbp3. The in vivo roles of these domains were investigated by expression of Igfbp3 and its(More)
The Wnt/β-catenin or canonical Wnt signaling pathway plays fundamental roles in early development and in maintaining adult tissue homeostasis. R-spondin 3 (Rspo3) is a secreted protein that has been implicated in activating the Wnt/β-catenin signaling in amphibians and mammals. Here we report that zebrafish Rspo3 plays a negative role in regulating the(More)
In this paper, the photocatalytic degradation of glyphosate selected as the deputy of organic pollutant in aqueous solution with TiO(2) powder as a photocatalyst has been studied. The effects of various parameters, such as the amount of the photocatalyst, illumination time, initial pH value, electron acceptors, metal ions, and anions on the photocatalytic(More)
The receptor-tyrosine kinase Ror2 acts as an alternative receptor or co-receptor for Wnt5a and mediates Wnt5a-induced convergent extension movements during embryogenesis in mice and Xenopus as well as the polarity and migration of several cell types during development. However, little is known about whether Ror2 function is conserved in other vertebrates or(More)
Recent genome-wide association studies have implicated the clusterin gene in the etiology of Alzheimer's disease. The expression and function of clusterin in the developing brain, however, is poorly understood. In this study, we have characterized the zebrafish clusterin gene and determined its structural conservation, developmental expression, and(More)
Neuronal survival and growth in the embryo is controlled partly by trophic factors. For most trophic factors (such as Insulin-like growth factor-1), the ability to regulate cell survival has been attributed to the phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt kinase cascade. This study presents data illustrating the role of PI3K/Akt in attainment of normal brain(More)
The Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway plays pivotal roles in axis formation during embryogenesis and in adult tissue homeostasis. Glutathione peroxidase 4 (GPX4) is a selenoenzyme and participates in the reduction of peroxides. Its synthesis depends on the availability of the element selenium. However, the roles of GPX4 in vertebrate embryonic development and(More)