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Although Leptospira interrogans is unable to utilize glucose as its carbon/energy source, the LA_1437 gene of L. interrogans serovar Lai potentially encodes a group III glucokinase (GLK). The L. interrogans GLK (LiGLK) heterogeneously expressed in Escherichia coli was purified and proved to be a homodimeric enzyme with its specific activity of 12.3 ± 0.6(More)
Amycolatopsis mediterranei is used for industry-scale production of rifamycin, which plays a vital role in antimycobacterial therapy. As the first sequenced genome of the genus Amycolatopsis, the chromosome of strain U32 comprising 10,236,715 base pairs, is one of the largest prokaryotic genomes ever sequenced so far. Unlike the linear topology found in(More)
The virulence-attenuated Leptospira interrogans serovar Lai strain IPAV was derived by prolonged laboratory passage from a highly virulent ancestral strain isolated in China. We studied the genetic variations of IPAV that render it avirulent via comparative analysis against the pathogenic L. interrogans serovar Lai strain 56601. The complete genome sequence(More)
Abstract Leptospirosis is one of the most important zoonoses. Leptospira interrogans serovar Lai is a pathogenic spirochete that is responsible for leptospirosis. Extracellular proteins play an important role in the pathogenicity of this bacterium. In this study, L. interrogans serovar Lai was grown in protein-free medium; the supernatant was collected and(More)
Motility and chemotaxis systems are critical for the virulence of leptospires. There were multiple copies of putative chemotaxis homologs located at leptospires large chromosome. CheB1 and CheB3 from Leptospira interrogans strain Lai are predicted to have a global CheB-like domain, but CheB2 is predicted to have a C-terminal effector domain only. In order(More)
The genome of pathogenic Leptospira interrogans contains two chromosomes. Plasmids and prophages are known to play specific roles in gene transfer in bacteria and can potentially serve as efficient genetic tools in these organisms. Although plasmids and prophage remnants have recently been reported in Leptospira species, their characteristics and potential(More)
The Leptospira interrogans genome encodes two copies of cheR genes and each of them is able to complement for the swarming defective phenotype of Escherichia coli cheR null mutant RP1254 to certain extent, while over-expression of either of them inhibits the swarming of the chemotactic wild-type E. coli strain, RP437. Therefore, both CheR1 and CheR2 ought(More)
A label-free fluorescence turn-on strategy for alkaline phosphatase (ALP) detection was established based on its enzymatic catalyzed hydrolysis of polyphosphoric acid (PPA, an anionic polymer) that had been utilized for aggregation with our homemade positively charged perylene derivative (Probe-1) via noncovalent interactions. The disaggregation caused(More)
A black-hole quencher (BHQ-2) labeled DNA (Q-DNA) with a phosphorothioate backbone was covalently conjugated to the CdTe QDs during the QDs synthesis procedure. The hairpin structure of Q-DNA shortened the distance of the CdTe QDs and the BHQ-2 group, which resulted in fluorescence quenching of the QDs. The addition of target DNA or deoxyribonuclease I(More)
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