Learn More
Amycolatopsis mediterranei is used for industry-scale production of rifamycin, which plays a vital role in antimycobacterial therapy. As the first sequenced genome of the genus Amycolatopsis, the chromosome of strain U32 comprising 10,236,715 base pairs, is one of the largest prokaryotic genomes ever sequenced so far. Unlike the linear topology found in(More)
The virulence-attenuated Leptospira interrogans serovar Lai strain IPAV was derived by prolonged laboratory passage from a highly virulent ancestral strain isolated in China. We studied the genetic variations of IPAV that render it avirulent via comparative analysis against the pathogenic L. interrogans serovar Lai strain 56601. The complete genome sequence(More)
Although Leptospira interrogans is unable to utilize glucose as its carbon/energy source, the LA_1437 gene of L. interrogans serovar Lai potentially encodes a group III glucokinase (GLK). The L. interrogans GLK (LiGLK) heterogeneously expressed in Escherichia coli was purified and proved to be a homodimeric enzyme with its specific activity of 12.3 ± 0.6(More)
Abstract Leptospirosis is one of the most important zoonoses. Leptospira interrogans serovar Lai is a pathogenic spirochete that is responsible for leptospirosis. Extracellular proteins play an important role in the pathogenicity of this bacterium. In this study, L. interrogans serovar Lai was grown in protein-free medium; the supernatant was collected and(More)
Motility and chemotaxis systems are critical for the virulence of leptospires. There were multiple copies of putative chemotaxis homologs located at leptospires large chromosome. CheB1 and CheB3 from Leptospira interrogans strain Lai are predicted to have a global CheB-like domain, but CheB2 is predicted to have a C-terminal effector domain only. In order(More)
The genome of pathogenic Leptospira interrogans contains two chromosomes. Plasmids and prophages are known to play specific roles in gene transfer in bacteria and can potentially serve as efficient genetic tools in these organisms. Although plasmids and prophage remnants have recently been reported in Leptospira species, their characteristics and potential(More)
A fluorescence turn-on assay for alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity is developed through the controlled release of polyethyleneimine-capped copper nanoclusters (PEI-capped CuNCs) from the MnO2 nanosheets. In an aqueous solution, the positively charged PEI-capped CuNCs could be adsorbed onto the surface of the negatively charged MnO2 nanosheets. Such(More)
A novel and efficient approach has been established for the synthesis of silver nanoclusters capped silica nanoparticles (SiO2@AgNCs). These nanoclusters (AgNCs) capped silica nanoparticles were utilized as a novel ratiometric photoluminescence (PL) nanosensor for extremely sensitive and selective detection of I- and S2- ions. The AgNCs were prepared in(More)
The Leptospira interrogans genome encodes two copies of cheR genes and each of them is able to complement for the swarming defective phenotype of Escherichia coli cheR null mutant RP1254 to certain extent, while over-expression of either of them inhibits the swarming of the chemotactic wild-type E. coli strain, RP437. Therefore, both CheR1 and CheR2 ought(More)
A black-hole quencher (BHQ-2) labeled DNA (Q-DNA) with a phosphorothioate backbone was covalently conjugated to the CdTe QDs during the QDs synthesis procedure. The hairpin structure of Q-DNA shortened the distance of the CdTe QDs and the BHQ-2 group, which resulted in fluorescence quenching of the QDs. The addition of target DNA or deoxyribonuclease I(More)