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By charge neutralization of carboxylic acid groups in graphene oxide (GO) with Cs(2)CO(3) to afford Cesium-neutralized GO (GO-Cs), GO derivatives with appropriate modification are used as both hole- and electron-extraction layers for bulk heterojunction (BHJ) solar cells. The normal and inverted devices based on GO hole- and GO-Cs electron-extraction layers(More)
This paper presents a three-component fixed dynamometer based on a strain gauge, which reduces output errors produced by the cutting force imposed on different milling positions of the workpiece. A reformative structure of tri-layer cross beams is proposed, sensitive areas were selected, and corresponding measuring circuits were arranged to decrease the(More)
Macrophages are increasingly being viewed as therapeutic target for various cancers and many inflammatory diseases. Sequence specific gene reduction by siRNA represents an attractive approach to modulate macrophage function. However, delivery of the therapeutic siRNA into macrophages by non-viral nanoparticles has been a major technical challenge. In this(More)
In order to meet the rapidly growing and changing needs of mobile instant messaging (IM), this paper provides a new service model and implementation mechanism based on Jabber and hierarchical thinking. The communication protocol of our system provides an open, expandable, real-time communication technology that can be used to build a wide range of XML(More)
Mobile IM (Instant Messaging) users are more frequently online and offline than fixed users. It incurs large presence message traffic that significantly consumes the limited service resources. Some studies indicate that presence delayed update can effectively reduce the traffic. Firstly, we analyze presence update process and research presence distribution.(More)
With mobile terminals and wireless network environment constantly being improved, people are using mobile instant messaging (IM) products more frequently. We provide a novel design based on Jabber and FCAPS model to meet the rapidly growing and changing needs. Jabber provides an open, secure, real-time communication technology. Network management has always(More)
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