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BACKGROUND China has experienced a remarkable epidemiological and demographic transition during the past three decades. Far less is known about this transition at the subnational level. Timely and accurate assessment of the provincial burden of disease is needed for evidence-based priority setting at the local level in China. METHODS Following the methods(More)
Few prior cohort studies exist in developing countries examining the association of ambient particulate matter (PM) with mortality. We examined the association of particulate air pollution with mortality in a prospective cohort study of 71,431 middle-aged Chinese men. Baseline data were obtained during 1990-1991. The follow-up evaluation was completed in(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality burden attributable to ambient temperature; to estimate effect modification of this burden by gender, age and education level. METHODS We obtained daily data on temperature and CVD mortality from 15 Chinese megacities during 2007-2013, including 1,936,116 CVD deaths. A quasi-Poisson regression(More)
BACKGROUND Few data are available on the attributable burden, such as absolute excess or relative excess, of stroke death due to temperature. METHODS We collected data on daily temperature and stroke mortality from 16 large Chinese cities during 2007-2013. First, we applied a distributed lag non-linear model to estimate the city-/age-/gender-specific(More)
OBJECTIVES To examine the modification of temperature-mortality association by factors at the individual and community levels. DESIGN AND METHODS This study investigated this issue using a national database comprising daily data of 66 Chinese communities for 2006-2011. A 'threshold-natural cubic spline' distributed lag non-linear model was utilised to(More)
Few multi-city studies have been conducted to investigate the acute health effects of low and high temperatures on diabetes mortality worldwide. We aimed to examine effects of ambient temperatures on city-/gender-/age-/education-specific diabetes mortality in nine Chinese cities using a two-stage analysis. Distributed lag non-linear model was first applied(More)
BACKGROUND Starting from early January 2013, northern China was hit by multiple prolonged and severe smog events which were characterized by extremely high-level concentrations of ambient fine particulate matter (PM2.5) with hourly peaks of PM2.5 over 800 µg/m(3). However, the consequences of this severe air pollution are largely unknown. This study(More)
BACKGROUND In the modified ATP III definition for metabolic syndrome (MS), the cut-off values for central obesity were set to > or =90 cm for male and > or =80 cm for women. Recently, a new Chinese definition for central obesity was set to > or =90 cm for male and > or =85 cm for women according to the corresponding BMI value of 25 kg/m(2). OBJECTIVE The(More)
BACKGROUND China has experienced increasingly severe levels of air pollution in the past decades, yet studies on the health effects of air pollution in China at a national study level, remain limited. This study assess the sub-chronic effect of ambient air pollution on respiratory mortality in the 32 largest Chinese cities. METHODS We employ two-way fixed(More)
OBJECTIVE To analyze the death status of disease burden of cardiovascular and circulatory diseases in 1990 and 2010 in China, and to provide the basic information for cardiovascular and circulatory disease prevention and control. METHODS Using the results of the Global Burden of Diseases Study 2010 (GBD 2010) to describe the cardiovascular and circulatory(More)