Yunn Hwen Gan

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Amida was isolated by the yeast two-hybrid system as a novel protein which associated with Arc, a non-transcriptional immediate early gene specific to the brain. Amida was confirmed to be associated with Arc in vitro and in vivo. Amida shows no homology to known proteins. Amida is ubiquitously expressed, although it is abundant in the brain. A transfection(More)
Burkholderia pseudomallei, a facultatively intracellular pathogen, is a flagellated and motile gram-negative bacterium and is the causative agent of melioidosis in humans. Flagella are commonly recognized as important virulence determinants expressed by bacterial pathogens since the motility phenotype imparted by these organelles often correlates with the(More)
Burkholderia pseudomallei (Bp), the causative agent of the often-deadly infectious disease melioidosis, contains one of the largest prokaryotic genomes sequenced to date, at 7.2 Mb with two large circular chromosomes (1 and 2). To comprehensively delineate the Bp transcriptome, we integrated whole-genome tiling array expression data of Bp exposed to >80(More)
Recent reports of the increase in peripheral blood gamma delta T cells in HIV+ patients prompted us to examine the gamma delta T cell system in rhesus monkeys (Macaca mulatta) and the responses of these cells to SIV infection. Our results reveal differences in the gamma delta T cell subset composition and their expression of CD8 in the peripheral blood of(More)
The in vitro evolution and engineering of quorum-quenching lactonases with enhanced reactivities was achieved using a thermostable GKL enzyme as a template, yielding the E101G/R230C GKL mutant with increased catalytic activity and a broadened substrate range [Chow, J. Y., Xue, B., Lee, K. H., Tung, A., Wu, L., Robinson, R. C., and Yew, W. S. (2010) J. Biol.(More)
Amida was first isolated from a rat hippocampal cDNA library as an Arc-associated protein. Previous studies showed that Amida is a nuclear protein and overexpression of Amida induces cell apoptosis. In this study, we found that Amida mRNA was expressed predominantly in rat testis by Northern blot analysis. During the development of testis, Amida mRNA was(More)
Activated gammadelta T cells undergo apoptosis upon restimulation of their T cell receptor (TCR)/CD3 complex. We demonstrate that in these cells, the activation-induced cell death (AICD) is mediated by Fas and Fas ligand (FasL) interaction. The activated gammadelta T cells are prone to AICD initiated by exposure to mitogens, anti-TCR/CD3 antibodies, as well(More)
The mechanisms of cytotoxic killing of various tumor cell lines and immunodeficiency virus-infected T cell lines by simian gamma delta T cells were examined. The lysis of the majority of the target cell lines by gamma delta effectors was calcium-dependent, indicating that cytotoxicity is mediated by the perforin/granzyme pathway rather than the Fas-FasL(More)
Calmodulin (CaM) is a principal multifunctional mediator of Ca2+ signaling in cells. It is reported that morphine increases CaM contents in mouse brain. However, the precise mechanism of CaM induction by morphine is unknown. We investigated the changes of CaM by opioid receptor stimulation in mRNA and protein levels. Expression of CaM was increased in dose-(More)
BACKGROUND T cells undergo activation-induced cell death (AICD) through repeated stimulation of their T cell receptors (TCRs). Activated human gammadelta T cells were found to die by apoptosis when their TCRs were cross-linked by antibodies, whereas naïve gammadelta T cells freshly isolated from blood did not. Therefore, we investigated the factors that(More)