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BACKGROUND Excitatory amino acid toxicity, oxidative stress, intracellular calcium overload, as well as inflammation and apoptosis are involved in the pathological process after cerebral ischemic reperfusion injury. Picrodide 2 could inhibit neuronal apoptosis and play anti-oxidant and anti-inflammation role in cerebral ischemia/reperfusion injuries, but(More)
The aim of this study was to explore the optimal therapeutic dose and time window of picroside II for treating cerebral ischemic injury in rats according to the orthogonal test. The middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) models were established by intraluminally inserting a thread into middle cerebral artery (MCA) from left external carotid artery (ECA).(More)
Astragalus is a widely used traditional Chinese medicine and has been proven beneficial for many aspects of human health. It is important to explore the neuroprotective effect and mechanism of astragalus injection in cerebral ischemia reperfusion injury. The focal cerebral ischemic model with middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) reperfusion was(More)
To explore the neuroprotective effect and optimize the therapeutic dose and time window of picroside II by orthogonal test and the expression of myelin basic protein (MBP) in cerebral ischemic injury in rats. Bilateral common carotid artery occlusion (BCCAO) was used to establish forebrain ischemia models. The successful rat models were grouped according to(More)
Cerebral ischemia is the major causes the neuronal damages throughout the world. Present investigation evaluates the neuroprotective effect of (SS) in cerebral ischemic rat. All the rats were separated in to four group such as control group, ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) group and Spatholobus suberectus (100 and 200 mg/kg, p.o.) treated group which receives(More)
The mitochondrial calcium uniporter (MCU) maintains intracellular Ca2+ homeostasis by transporting Ca2+ from the cell cytosol into the mitochondrial matrix and is important for shaping Ca2+ signals and the activation of programmed cell death. Inhibition of MCU by ruthenium red (RR) or Ru360 has previously been reported to protect against neuronal death. The(More)
It is known that mitochondrial ATP-sensitive potassium channels (mitoKATP) play a significant role in protecting cerebral function from ischemia-reperfusion injury, which is related with a decrease in the mitochondrial matrix calcium. However, the effect of mitochondrial calcium uniporter (MCU) on diazoxide-induced cerebral protection is still indistinct.(More)
This paper aimed to explore the protective effects of picroside II against the neuronal apoptosis and changes in morphology and structure that follow cerebral ischemic injury in rats. A focal cerebral ischemic model was established by inserting a monofilament thread to achieve middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) in 60 Wistar rats, and intraperitoneal(More)
Recent studies have suggested that neuronal apoptosis in cerebral ischemia could arise from dysfunction of endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and mitochondria. B-cell lymphoma/leukemia-2 gene (Bcl-2) has been described as an inhibitor both in programmed cell death (PCD) and ER dysfunction during apoptosis, and the Bcl-2 family play a key role in regulating the PCD,(More)
It has been demonstrated that neuregulin-1beta (NRG-1beta) plays a neuroprotective role in cerebral ischemic injury, however, its defined mechanisms and the perfect treatment window are still elusive. Therefore, we established the animal model of MCAO/R to evaluate cerebral damage. As a result, neurological deficit scores were increased, and a small(More)