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HD (Huntington's disease) is a devastating neurodegenerative genetic disorder caused by abnormal expansion of CAG repeats in the HTT (huntingtin) gene. We have recently established two iPSC (induced pluripotent stem cell) lines derived from a HD patient carrying 72 CAG repeats (HD-iPSC). In order to understand the proteomic profiles of HD-iPSCs, we have(More)
Osteoclasts are specialized bone-resorbing cells derived from multipotent myeloid progenitor cells. They play a crucial homeostatic role in skeletal modeling and remodeling and destroy bone in many pathologic conditions. Receptor activator of NF-kappaB ligand (RANKL) is essential to osteoclastogenesis. In this study, we investigated the effects of(More)
Tetrandrine (TET), a plant alkaloid, is known primarily as a non-selective Ca(2+) channel blocker. On the contrary to the cytoprotective effect on ischemia/reperfusion injury, TET has also been reported to cause cytotoxicity. In this study, we wished to understand the apparently disparate effects of this potential drug and thus investigated molecular(More)
Vitexin, a natural flavonoid compound identified as apigenin-8-C-b-D-glucopyranoside, has been reported to exhibit antioxidative and anti-inflammatory properties. In this study, we investigated its effect on hypoxia-inducible factor-1a (HIF-1a) in rat pheochromacytoma (PC12), human osteosarcoma (HOS) and human hepatoma (HepG2) cells. Vitexin inhibited(More)
The gene expression profile in the cortex was analyzed in a rat model of focal cerebral ischemia by use of cDNA array. It was attempted to monitor changes of gene expression and to profile them into functional classification between ipsilateral and contralateral cortex at 6h after middle cerebral artery (MCA) occlusion. Seventy-one genes out of 1174 genes(More)
This study examined the anti-inflammatory properties of Ikarisoside A, isolated from Epimedium koreanum (Berberidaceae), in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated macrophages. Ikarisoside A inhibited the expression of LPS-stimulated inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) and the production of nitric oxide (NO) in LPS-stimulated RAW 264.7 cells and mouse bone(More)
Hispidulin, a flavonoid that is known to have anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidant effects, attenuates osteoclastogenesis and bone resorption. To investigate the molecular mechanism of its inhibitory effect on osteoclastogenesis, we employed the receptor activator of the nuclear factor κB (NF-κB) ligand (RANKL)-induced murine monocyte/macrophage RAW 264.7(More)
In vitro maturation (IVM) of mammalian oocytes is divided into the GV (germinal vesicle stage), MI (metaphase I stage) and MII (metaphase II stage) stages, and only fully mature oocytes have acquired the ability to be fertilized and initiate zygotic development. These observations have been mostly based on morphological evaluations, but the molecular events(More)
Protective effects of quinic acids from Aster scaber on tetrahydropapaveroline (THP)-induced cell toxicity were evaluated in rat C6 glioma cells. Among 4 quinic acid derivatives tested, (-) 4,5-dicaffeoyl quinic acid (QA3) exhibited the highest protective effect against THP-induced cell toxicity. C6 cells treated with THP exhibited the decrease in the(More)
Hypoxia-inducible factor-1 (HIF-1) consists of two subunits, the HIF-1β, which is constitutively expressed, and HIF-1α, which is oxygen-responsive. HIF-1α is over-expressed in response to hypoxia, increasing transcriptional activity linked to tumor progression, angiogenesis, metastasis, and invasion. This study aimed to demonstrate that the natural(More)