Yuni K. Dewaraja

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—Accurate determination of activity within a volume of interest is needed during radiopharmaceutical therapies. Single-photon emission computed tomography(SPECT) is employed but requires a method to convert counts to activity. We use a phantom-based conversion; that is, we image an elliptical cylinder containing a sphere that has a known amount of 131-I(More)
This paper reports the implementation of the SIMIND Monte Carlo code on an IBM SP2 distributed memory parallel computer. Basic aspects of running Monte Carlo particle transport calculations on parallel architectures are described. Our parallelization is based on equally partitioning photons among the processors and uses the Message Passing Interface (MPI)(More)
The ordered subset expectation maximization (OSEM) algorithm approximates the gradient of a likelihood function using a subset of projections instead of using all projections so that fast image reconstruction is possible for emission and transmission tomography such as SPECT, PET, and CT. However, OSEM does not significantly accelerate reconstruction with(More)
UNLABELLED A study of the use of 131I-labeled anti-B1 monoclonal antibody, proceeded by an unlabeled predose, for therapy of previously untreated non-Hodgkin's lymphoma patients has recently been completed at the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor. More than half of the patients treated were imaged intratherapy with SPECT to separate apparently large tumors,(More)
We have implemented highly accurate Monte Carlo based scatter modeling (MCS) with 3-D ordered subsets expectation maximization (OSEM) reconstruction for I-131 single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT). The scatter is included in the statistical model as an additive term and attenuation and detector response are included in the(More)
A penalized-likelihood (PL) SPECT reconstruction method using a modified regularizer that accounts for anatomical boundary side information was implemented to achieve accurate estimates of both the total target activity and the activity distribution within targets. In both simulations and experimental I-131 phantom studies, reconstructions from (1)(More)
UNLABELLED A study of the use of (131)I-labeled tositumomab, preceded by an unlabeled tositumomab predose, for therapy of 76 previously untreated non-Hodgkin's lymphoma patients has been completed at the University of Michigan. Fifty-two of the 76 treated patients were imaged once during therapy with SPECT to assist in dosimetric estimation. In this(More)
Compensating for the collimator-detector response (CDR) in SPECT is important for accurate quantification. The CDR consists of both a geometric response and a septal penetration and collimator scatter response. The geometric response can be modeled analytically and is often used for modeling the whole CDR if the geometric response dominates. However, for(More)
—The ordered subset expectation maximization (OSEM) algorithm approximates the gradient of a likelihood function using a subset of projections instead of using all projections so that fast image reconstruction is possible for emission and transmission tomography such as SPECT, PET, and CT. However, OSEM does not significantly accelerate reconstruction with(More)
—Recently, non-local means (NLM) methods for both image denoising and inverse problems have shown promising results in image processing and medical imaging. Moreover, some researchers have also shown that using additional information with low noise and/or high resolution for these problems can improve the image quality further. We investigated several NLM(More)