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We have developed a high-throughput method for analyzing the methylation status of hundreds of preselected genes simultaneously and have applied it to the discovery of methylation signatures that distinguish normal from cancer tissue samples. Through an adaptation of the GoldenGate genotyping assay implemented on a BeadArray platform, the methylation state(More)
Changes in the methylation status of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD)-associated genes could significantly alter levels of gene expression, thereby contributing to disease onset and progression. We previously identified seven disease-associated DNA methylation loci from intestinal tissues of IBD patients using the Illumina GoldenGate BeadArray assay. In(More)
Nkx2-3 has been reported to be up-regulated in B cell lines and intestinal tissues from Crohn’s disease patients and down-regulated in colorectal cancer. The purpose of the current study is to determine genes regulated by Nkx2-3 in sporadic (CRS61) and inflammatory bowel disease-associated (CRS4) colorectal cancer cell lines. Small interfering RNA-mediated(More)
PTPN2 is a risk gene for Crohn's disease (CD). We investigated whether PTPN2 genetic variants (rs2542151 and rs2542152) were associated with CD in a familial IBD registry. Both rs2542151 and rs2542152 are associated with CD, but not ulcerative colitis (UC). mRNA expression levels of PTPN2 were significantly increased in intestinal tissues (p=0.0493), and(More)
AIM To replicate the association of Nkx2-3 rs10883365 SNP with Crohn's disease in patients from a familial IBD registry from the central Pennsylvania area and study mRNA and protein expression of Nkx2-3 in CD patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS We genotyped the Nkx2-3 rs10883365 SNP in 75 CD patients,137 non-CD family members and 118 unrelated healthy(More)
Nkx2-3 gene variants are strongly associated with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and its expression is up-regulated in Crohn's disease (CD). However, the nature of its role underlying IBD pathogenesis is unknown. We investigated the genes regulated by Nkx2-3 using cDNA microarray. A small interfering RNA (siRNA)-mediated knockdown of Nkx2-3 in a B cell(More)
BACKGROUND NKX2-3 is associated with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). NKX2-3 is expressed in microvascular endothelial cells and the muscularis mucosa of the gastrointestinal tract. Human intestinal microvascular endothelial cells (HIMECs) are actively involved in the pathogenesis of IBD and IBD-associated microvascular dysfunction. To understand the(More)
Surfactant proteins play important roles in lung surfactant function and innate immunity. The DNA methylation state of 11 CpG sites of surfactant protein (SP)-A1, -B, -C, and -D was determined using universal bead arrays. A total of 90 cancerous and non-cancerous tissues from 23 patients with adenocarcinoma and 22 with squamous cell carcinoma were studied.(More)
Differential allele-specific expression has been observed in several genes involved in immunity. SP-A and OPN play a role in innate host defense. To determine whether SP-A and OPN are subject to differential allele-specific regulation, we investigated their gene or allele-specific expression in various tissues. The results showed: (1) Tissue-specific(More)
PURPOSE A two-allele haplotype of TC (OCTN1 rs1050152 and OCTN2 -207G→C) is associated with Crohn's disease (CD). The association has been replicated in different populations, but also failed in some studies. The present study is to replicate the association of OCTN1 rs1050152 and examine another variant rs272879 with familial and sporadic inflammatory(More)