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The antioxidant activities of the chloroform, ethyl acetate and n-butanol extract fractions from propolis collected in Anhui, China were evaluated in this study. The ethyl acetate fraction contained the highest amount of total phenolics and total flavonoids, and showed the greatest 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl radical (DPPH) and(More)
Prenatal stress induces cognitive functional impairment in offspring, an eventuality in which mitochondrial dysfunction and oxidative stress are believed to be closely involved. In this study, the involvement of the AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) pathway was investigated. A well-known activator, resveratrol (Res), was used to induce AMPK activation in(More)
Hydroxytyrosol (HT) is a major polyphenolic compound found in olive oil with reported anti-cancer and anti-inflammatory activities. However, the neuroprotective effect of HT on type 2 diabetes remains unknown. In the present study, db/db mice and SH-SY-5Y neuroblastoma cells were used to evaluate the neuroprotective effects of HT. After 8 weeks of HT(More)
SCOPE Olive products, the hallmark of Mediterranean diet, are associated with reduced risk of mild cognitive impairment and Alzheimer's disease (AD). We and other groups have shown that hydroxytyrosol (HT), a bioactive compound of olive products, ameliorates oxidative stress, mitochondrial dysfunction, and neural toxicity. However, whether HT in(More)
Osteoporosis is negatively correlated with body mass, whereas both osteoporosis and weight loss occur at higher incidence during the progression of Alzheimer's disease (AD) than the age-matched non-dementia individuals. Given that there is no evidence that being overweight is associated with AD-type cognitive dysfunction, we hypothesized that moderate(More)
Mitochondrial dynamics is highly involved in muscle atrophy, the slow twitch muscle as soleus, preferentially affected by hindlimb unloading (HU), was well characterized by mitochondrial dysfunction in biogenesis. However, the fast twitch muscles like tibialis anterior (TA) and gastrocnemius (GAS), which are the most massive parts of the hindlimb muscles,(More)
We previously found that mitochondrial dysfunction occurs in disuse-induced muscle atrophy. However, the mitochondrial remodeling that occurs during reloading, an effective approach for rescuing unloading-induced atrophy, remains to be investigated. In this study, using a rat model of 3-week hindlimb unloading plus 7-day reloading, we found that reloading(More)
Muscle atrophy occurs in several pathologic conditions such as diabetes and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), as well as after long-term clinical administration of synthesized glucocorticoid, where increased circulating glucocorticoid accounts for the pathogenesis of muscle atrophy. Others and we previously reported mitochondrial dysfunction in(More)
Recent studies have demonstrated brain insulin signaling impairment and mitochondrial dysfunction in diabetes. Hyperinsulinemia and hyperlipidemia arising from diabetes have been linked to neuronal insulin resistance, and hyperglycemia induces peripheral sensory neuronal impairment and mitochondrial dysfunction. However, how brain glucose at diabetic(More)
OBJECTIVE To study the expression of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2), vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and prostaglandins (PGs) in cervical tissues of differential pathological types, especially in cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) and cervical carcinoma, and their possible relationships in carcinogenesis. METHODS Tissue blocks and blood samples(More)