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Shikonin, an analog of naphthoquinone pigments isolated from the root of Lithospermum erythrorhyzon, was recently reported to exert beneficial anti-inflammatory effects both in vivo and in vitro. The present study aimed to investigate the potential therapeutic effect of shikonin in a murine model of lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced acute lung injury (ALI).(More)
The endometrium is easily contaminated with bacteria and the endometrial epithelial cells (EECs) play an important role in defence against invading pathogens which recognized pathogen-associated molecular patterns (PAMPs) via pattern recognition receptors (PRRs). Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) can recognize lipopolysaccharide (LPS) from Gram-negative bacteria(More)
Thymol is a natural monoterpene phenol primarily found in thyme, oregano, and tangerine peel. It has been shown to possess anti-inflammatory property both in vivo and in vitro. In the present paper, we studied the anti-inflammatory effect of thymol in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated mouse mammary epithelial cells (mMECs). The mMECs were stimulated with(More)
Cyanidin-3-O-β-glucoside (C3G) (CAS number 7084-24-4), a typical anthocyanin pigment that exists in the human diet, has been reported to have anti-inflammatory properties. However, the effect of C3G on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced mastitis and the molecular mechanisms have not been investigated. In this study, we detected the protective effects of C3G(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of SSa on LPS-induced endotoxemia in mice and clarify the possible mechanism. An LPS-induced endotoxemia mouse model was used to confirm the anti-inflammatory activity of SSa in vivo. The primary mouse macrophages were used to investigate the molecular mechanism and targets of SSa in vitro. In vivo, the(More)
Morin, a flavonoid isolated from Chinese herbs of the Moraceae family, has been reported to possess antiinflammatory activity. However, the effects of morin on mastitis have not been investigated. The present study was conducted to elucidate the antiinflammatory properties of morin on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated primary bovine mammary epithelial(More)
Emodin is an anthraquinone derivative from the Chinese herb Radix et Rhizoma Rhei. It has been reported that emodin possesses a number of biological properties, such as anti-inflammatory, anti-virus, anti-bacteria, anti-tumor, and immunosuppressive properties. However, the effect of emodin on mastitis is not yet known. The aim of this study was to(More)
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE Magnolia officinalis as a traditional Chinese herb has long been used for the treatment of anxiety, cough, headache and allergic diseases, and also have been used in traditional Chinese medicine to treat a variety of mental disorders including depression. AIM OF THE STUDY Magnolol, a hydroxylated biphenyl compound isolated(More)
Mastitis is an inflammatory disease caused by microbial infection. Staphylococcus aureus is one of the primary bacteria responsible for mastitis. Stevioside is isolated from Stevia rebaudiana and is known to have therapeutic functions. This study was designed to evaluate the effects of stevioside in a mouse model of S. aureus-induced mastitis. In this(More)
Thymol, a naturally occurring monocyclic phenolic compound derived from Thymus vulgaris (Lamiaceae), has been reported to exhibit anti-inflammatory property in vivo and vitro. However, the mechanism of thymol is not clear. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of thymol on allergic inflammation in OVA-induced mice asthma and explore(More)