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The balance between matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases (TIMPs) is critical for embryo implantation. Disturbance of this balance may lead to tumour metastasis. To understand the roles of MMP-26 and TIMP-4 in physiological and pathological invasion, the expression of these proteins in normal human cytotrophoblast(More)
Previous reports showed that urokinase plasminogen activator (uPA) converts plasminogen to plasmin which then activates matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs). Here, we report that uPA directly cleaved pro-MMP-9 in a time-dependent manner at both C- and N-terminus and generated two gelatinolytic bands. uPA-activated-MMP-9 efficiently degraded fibronectin and(More)
Local disruption of the integrity of both the myoepithelial cell layer and the basement membrane is an indispensable prerequisite for the initiation of invasion and the conversion of human breast ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) to infiltrating ductal carcinoma (IDC). We previously reported that human endometase/matrilysin-2/matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)(More)
This work has explored a putative biochemical mechanism by which endometase/matrilysin-2/matrix metalloproteinase-26 (MMP-26) may promote human prostate cancer cell invasion. Here, we showed that the levels of MMP-26 protein in human prostate carcinomas from multiple patients were significantly higher than those in prostatitis, benign prostate hyperplasia,(More)
To assess the potential correlation between basal cell layer disruptions and leukocyte infiltration, consecutive sections of normal (n=5) and tumor (n=50) prostate tissues were double immunostained for cytokeratin 34betaE12 (CK 34betaE12) plus leukocyte common antigen, Ki-67, or proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA). Of 2047 acini and ducts examined,(More)
The complete resection of pituitary adenomas (PAs) is unlikely when there is an extensive local dural invasion and given that the molecular mechanisms remain primarily unknown. DNA microarray analysis was performed to identify differentially expressed genes between nonfunctioning invasive and noninvasive PAs. Gene clustering revealed a robust eightfold(More)
BACKGROUND Adenosine is produced in response to ischemia or inflammation and protects tissues from injury. Four adenosine receptors are critical in the physiologic negative-feedback mechanism for limitation and termination of tissue-specific and systemic inflammatory responses. Accumulating evidence has focused on the anti-inflammatory and immunosuppressive(More)
OBJECTIVE Adenosine A(2A) receptor activation potently attenuates lung ischemia-reperfusion injury. This study tests the hypothesis that adenosine A(2A) receptor activation attenuates ischemia-reperfusion injury by inhibiting CD4+ T cell activation and subsequent neutrophil infiltration. METHODS An in vivo model of lung ischemia-reperfusion injury was(More)
Object We analyzed MMP-9 expression using mRNA and protein level determinations and explored the possibility that Matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) is a potential biological marker of pituitary adenoma invasiveness and whether MMP-9 could be used to discriminate the extent of invasiveness among different hormonal subtypes, tumor sizes, growth(More)
We investigated the regulation of the proteolytic activity of human adamalysin 19 (a disintegrin and metalloproteinase 19, hADAM19). It was processed at Glu(586)(P1)-Ser(587)(P1') site in the cysteine-rich domain as shown by protein N-terminal sequencing. This truncation was autolytic as illustrated by its R199A/R200A or E346A mutation that prevented the(More)