Yung-hyo Koh

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A series of adenosine 5'-phosphonate analogues were designed to mimic naturally occurring adenosine monophosphate. These compounds (1-5) were synthesized and evaluated in a cellular hepatitis C virus (HCV) replication assay. To improve cellular permeability and enhance the anti-HCV activity of these phosphonates, a bis(S-acyl-2-thioethyl) prodrug for(More)
Nonnucleoside reverse transcriptase (RT) inhibitors (NNRTIs) are important components of current combination therapies for human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) infection. However, their low genetic barriers against resistance development, cross-resistance, and serious side effects can compromise the benefits of the two current drugs in this class(More)
Pyrrolopyrimidine nucleoside 1 was designed and synthesized as a potential mutagen for HCV. An in vitro HCV NS5B enzymatic assay indicated that pyrrolopyrimidine triphosphate acts as a CTP analog rather than a UTP analog. The SATE-prodrug of pyrrolopyrimidine monophosphate showed a weak inhibitory activity in an HCV replicon system (EC(50)=60 microM) and(More)
A new series of 1,2,4-triazoles was synthesized and tested against several NNRTI-resistant HIV-1 isolates. Several of these compounds exhibited potent antiviral activities against efavirenz- and nevirapine-resistant viruses, containing K103N and/or Y181C mutations or Y188L mutation. Triazoles were first synthesized from commercially available substituted(More)
A series of 2,6,8-trisubstituted purine nucleoside libraries was prepared by parallel solid-phase synthesis using 8-bromoguanosine as a common synthetic precursor. Polystyrene-methoxytrityl chloride resin was linked to the N2 or O5' position of the guanosine analogues. 8-Bromoguanosine was derivatized at the C8 position via carbon-carbon bond formation.(More)
A series of 9-(2'-beta-C-methyl-beta-d-ribofuranosyl)-6-substituted purine derivatives were synthesized as potential inhibitors of HCV RNA replication. Their inhibitory activities in a cell based HCV replicon assay were reported. A prodrug approach was used to further improve the potency of these compounds by increasing the intracellular levels of(More)
HIV-1 integrase (IN), one of the essential enzymes in HIV infection, has been validated as a target for HIV treatment. While more than 20 drugs have been approved by the FDA to treat HIV/AIDS, only one drug, Raltegravir (1), was approved as an IN inhibitor. The rapid mutation of the virus, which leads to multidrug resistant HIV strains, presents an urgent(More)
[reaction: see text] The "reverse polarity" or "umpolung" strategy for the total synthesis of aryl C-glycosides was developed in the context of the antibiotic (-)-griseusin B. Although a key reaction in a model sequence for the total synthesis produced two structurally divergent products, both were converted to the same advanced model intermediate that(More)
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