Learn More
In traditional VSS schemes, the size of the share image is substantially expanded since each pixel of the secret image is mapped onto a block consisting of several pixels. In addition, the quality of the reconstructed secret image is normally degraded in contrast, especially for halftone images. This study proposes a VSS scheme that maps a block in a secret(More)
Cart (cocaine- and amphetamine-regulated transcript) was first identified to be a major brain mRNA up-regulated by cocaine and amphetamine. The CART protein has been established as a satiety factor closely associated with the action of leptin. To assess CART's role as an anorexigenic signal, we have generated CART-deficient mice by gene targeting. On a high(More)
Mitochondrial ATP-sensitive potassium (mitoK(ATP)) channels have been suggested as triggers and end effectors in myocardial ischemic preconditioning. However, the intracellular mechanism regulating mitoK(ATP) channels remains unclear. In the present study, mitoK(ATP) channels from bovine ventricular myocardium were reconstituted using planar lipid bilayers,(More)
BACKGROUND Vascular disease progresses more slowly in females with functional ovaries than in males. The mechanisms of this vasoprotective effect of female sex are incompletely understood. This study tested (1) whether there is a sex difference in the development of myointimal proliferation after balloon injury of the rat carotid artery in vivo, (2) whether(More)
The mu opioid receptor gene (MOR) was mutated in mice by a gene targeting procedure. In these MOR-knockout mice, the analgesic effects of morphine, its major metabolites, morphine-6-glucuronide (M-6-G) and morphine-6-ethereal sulfate (M-6-S), and endomorphin-2, as well as morphine-induced lethality, were drastically reduced, whereas the effects of DPDPE and(More)
BACKGROUND Clinical and experimental evidence suggest that the adventitia participates in the response to endoluminal vascular injury. The current study used a direct approach to test the hypothesis that, after balloon injury of the rat carotid artery, adventitial fibroblasts migrate in a luminal direction and contribute to neointima formation. METHODS(More)
In this study, we attempted to identify the mechanisms of paeoniflorin on antinociceptive effects in mice. Paeoniflorin (48, 96, 240, 480 microg, i.c.v.) showed dose-related antinociception both on the early and late phases of formalin test in mice. Moreover, paeoniflorin (48 microg, i.c.v.) could potentiate the antinociception of morphrine (0.5, 1.0 mg/kg,(More)
This two-stage epidemiologic study was to investigate the prevalence and types of dementia among elderly people in the Saa-Min district of Kaohsiung City in Taiwan. In stage one, the Chinese Mini-Mental Status Examination (CMMSE) and Blessed Dementia Rating Scale were employed. In stage two, a comprehensive neurobehavioral examination and neuropsychologic(More)
A filtering macrolens was developed to simultaneously achieve macro-optical imaging and correct spectrum aberration. The macrolens was a doublet lens comprising a filtering lens and a close-up lens. The shape of the filtering lens was designed to eliminate the optical path differences between the light rays in the absorbing medium. The close-up lens was(More)
Defect radiation has been always considered as the most important loss for an emitter based on band gap emission. Here, we propose a novel approach which goes against this conventional wisdom. Based on the resonance effect between the surface plasmon of metal nanoparticles and defect emission, it is possible to convert the useless defect radiation to the(More)