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OBJECTIVE Norepinephrine (NE)-induced apoptosis in cardiomyocytes is an important cause of heart failure. Previous studies revealed that reactive oxygen species (ROS) are involved in apoptosis. Tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF), a well-known mediator that stimulates apoptosis, is not only produced by macrophages but also by cardiomyocytes. Until now, the(More)
OBJECTIVES Heart failure is associated with increased plasma norepinephrine (NE) and endothelial apoptosis. Recent reports have suggested that endothelial dysfunction is an important target for future therapies of heart failure. However, whether NE can induce endothelial apoptosis and its mechanism remains unknown. METHODS Endothelial cells from neonatal(More)
OBJECTIVE Amniotic fluid mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have the potential to differentiate into neuronal stem cells in vitro. We evaluated using amniotic fluid MSCs to support or enhance the ability of the injured sciatic nerve to cross a nerve gap. MATERIALS AND METHODS We created a 5 mm nerve defect in Sprague Dawley rats. One group received therapy(More)
BACKGROUND Anti-inflammation strategies are one of the proposed therapeutic approaches to hepatic fibrosis. Tetrandrine (C(38)H(42)O(8)N(2), molecular weight: 622; Tet), an alkaloid isolated from the Chinese medicinal herb Stephania tetrandra, has been shown to exert anti-inflammatory activity in pulmonary diseases. The purpose of the present study was to(More)
Activation of hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) plays a crucial role in liver fibrogenesis. armepavine (Arm, C19H23O3N), an active compound from Nelumbo nucifera, has been shown to exert immunosuppressive effects on T lymphocytes and on lupus nephritic mice. The aim of this study was to investigate whether Arm could exert anti-hepatic fibrogenic effects in(More)
The protective effect of combination therapy with valsartan and aliskiren against renal fibrosis remains to be defined. This study was undertaken to examine the protective effects of the combination of valsartan and aliskiren against renal fibrosis induced by unilateral ureteral obstruction (UUO). Combination therapy with valsartan (15 mg·kg(-1)·day(-1))(More)
Fibrosis-related changes in livers of cirrhotic rats induced by dimethylnitrosamine (DMN) have not yet been fully clarified. The aim of this study was to investigate changes in molecular and biochemical markers in DMN-intoxicated rats. DMN was administered to Sprague-Dawley rats for 2 and 5 weeks to induce different degrees of hepatic fibrosis. Liver(More)
Forty-seven birds (M/F = 33/14) with natural outbreak dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) of right ventricle (RV) and 33 birds with artificially cool-induced DCM hearts were studied. Clinically, 20 severe and 13 mild DCM cases were induced during five weeks and the peak morbidity was in the 2nd week. The progressive dilatation of RV and hypokinesis of septum was(More)
The homeobox gene families play important roles in the transcriptional regulation of gene expression prior to and during embryo development. To identify novel homeobox genes expressed in early embryonic development, we conducted a degenerated oligonucleotide polymerase chain reaction (PCR) to screen a mouse embryonic stem (ES) cell cDNA library. A novel(More)
Triptolide (C₃₈H₄₂O₆N₂, TP, a diterpene triepoxide derived from Tripterygium wilfordii Hook F.), is a potent immunosuppresive and antiinflammatory agent. The present study investigated whether TP exerted antihepatofibrotic effects in vitro and in vivo. A cell line of rat hepatic stellate cells (HSC-T6) was stimulated with tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) or(More)