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OBJECTIVE Amniotic fluid mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have the potential to differentiate into neuronal stem cells in vitro. We evaluated using amniotic fluid MSCs to support or enhance the ability of the injured sciatic nerve to cross a nerve gap. MATERIALS AND METHODS We created a 5 mm nerve defect in Sprague Dawley rats. One group received therapy(More)
Activation of hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) plays a crucial role in liver fibrogenesis. armepavine (Arm, C19H23O3N), an active compound from Nelumbo nucifera, has been shown to exert immunosuppressive effects on T lymphocytes and on lupus nephritic mice. The aim of this study was to investigate whether Arm could exert anti-hepatic fibrogenic effects in(More)
Bronchiolitis obliterans organizing pneumonia (BOOP) is a chronic respiratory disease. Although the pathogenesis of BOOP is still incompletely understood, BOOP is responsive to steroids and has a good prognosis. In our five pigs with chronic postweaning multisystemic wasting syndrome (PMWS), typical BOOP lesions were revealed. All five porcine lungs showed(More)
Glutamate stimulation of the dorsal facial area, an area located dorsal to the facial nucleus, increases common carotid arterial blood flow. Nitrergic neurons are important in cardiovascular regulatory areas. We investigated whether the nitrergic neurons might be present and play a role in the dorsal facial area to regulate the arterial blood flow.(More)
Hepatic fibrosis is a dynamic process which ultimately leads to cirrhosis in almost patients with chronic hepatic injury. However, progressive fibrosis is a reversible scarring response. Activation of hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) is the prevailing process during hepatic fibrosis. Osthole is an active component majorly contained in the fruit of Cnidium(More)
BACKGROUND Non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) is associated with hepatic fibrogenesis. Despite well-known cholesterol-lowering action of statins, their mechanisms against NASH-mediated fibrogenesis remain unclear. This study aimed at investigating the in vitro and in vivo anti-fibrotic properties of fluvastatin (Flu). METHODS Palmitate (PA)-induced(More)
BACKGROUND Forcipomyia taiwana (biting midge) allergy is the most prevalent biting insect allergy in Taiwan. An animal model corresponding to the human immuno-pathologic features of midge allergy is needed for investigating the mechanisms and therapies. This study successfully developed a murine model of Forcipomyia taiwana allergy. METHODS BALB/c mice(More)
Nitric oxide (NO) or glutamate stimulation of dorsal facial area (DFA) increases blood flow in the common carotid artery (CCA), which supplies intra-and extra-cranial tissues. Nitrergic fibers and neurons as well as preganglionic cholinergic neurons are present in the DFA. We hypothesized the presence of nitrergic-glutamatergic fibers and preganglionic(More)
The role of serotonin and glutamate release in dorsal medulla (DM) for regulation of systemic arterial pressure (SAP) was examined with microdialysis and high performance liquid chromatograph in anesthetized cats. KCl-perfusion in DM increased serotonin and glutamate concentrations in DM. Perfusion of serotonin resulted in decreases in glutamate(More)
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