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The motion of water molecules close to amide groups causes their vibrational frequencies to vary rapidly in time. These variations are uniquely sensed by 2-dimensional infrared spectroscopy (2D IR). Here, it is proposed from 2-dimensional experiments on fibrils of amyloid beta (Abeta)40 that there are water molecules in the fibrils. The spatial locations of… (More)
Amyloid β peptides form fibrils that are commonly assumed to have a dry, homogeneous, and static internal structure. To examine these assumptions, fibrils under various conditions and different ages have been examined with multidimensional infrared spectroscopy. Each peptide in the fibril had a ¹³C═¹⁸O label in the backbone of one residue to disinguish the… (More)
The involvement of chemical exchange in 2D IR heterodyne echo spectroscopy is characterized through the hydrogen-bond exchange between CH3OH and the CN of CH3CN. The exchange dynamics on the hydrogen-bond potential surfaces associated with different quantum states of the high-frequency CN stretching mode contributes to strong cross peaks between CN groups… (More)
The 2D IR spectra of the amide-I vibrations of amyloid fibrils from Abeta40 were obtained. The matured fibrils formed from strands having isotopic substitution by (13)C (18)O at Gly-38, Gly-33, Gly-29, or Ala-21 show vibrational exciton spectra having reduced dimensionality. Indeed, linear chain excitons of amide units are seen, for which the interamide… (More)
The linear-infrared and two-dimensional infrared (2D IR) spectra in the amide-I' region of the alanine dipeptide and its (13)C isotopomers in aqueous solution (D(2)O) are reported. The two amide-I' IR transitions have been assigned unambiguously by using (13)C isotopic substitution of the carbonyl group; the amide unit at the acetyl end shows a lower… (More)
Following a survey of 2D IR principles, this article describes recent experiments on the hydrogen-bond dynamics of small ions, amide-I modes, nitrile probes, peptides, reverse transcriptase inhibitors, and amyloid fibrils.
The two-dimensional (2D) IR spectral shapes seen for aqueous amide-I' or carbonyls having apparently single bands are not those predicted by Gaussian frequency fluctuations. Their population evolution exposes discrete distributions undergoing picosecond time scale exchange. The energy transfer to other modes provides a clear view of this underlying… (More)
The equilibrium dynamics of the acetyl and amino amide-I groups of the alanine dipeptide were examined separately using (13)C isotopic selection and 2D IR. The population relaxation times of the amide transitions were measured to be in the range 500 fs by means of heterodyne transient grating methods. The vibrational frequency correlation functions… (More)
The vibrations in the OCN stretching region of phenyl cyanate are examined by two-dimensional infrared spectroscopy. In water and THF, these spectra display three diagonal peaks having cross peaks characteristic of anharmonically coupled transitions. The pattern of the spectra is reproduced by coupling of two overtones with the OCN fundamental.
The few picosecond time scale H-bond making and breaking in the system acetonitrile-methanol dominates the mechanism of vibrational coherence transfer that is evident in the shapes of both the linear and nonlinear IR spectra of the CN group.