Yung-Jin Kim

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The blood-brain barrier (BBB) is essential for maintaining brain homeostasis and low permeability. BBB maintenance is important in the central nervous system (CNS) because disruption of the BBB may contribute to many brain disorders, including Alzheimer disease and ischemic stroke. The molecular mechanisms of BBB development remain ill-defined, however.(More)
Angiogenesis is an important mediator of tumor progression. As tumors expand, diffusion distances from the existing vascular supply increases, resulting in hypoxia in the cancer cells. Sustained expansion of a tumor mass requires new blood vessel formation to provide rapidly proliferating tumor cells with an adequate supply of oxygen and nutrients. The key(More)
Caffeic acid phenethyl ester (CAPE) is an active component of propolis from honeybee. We investigated potential molecular mechanisms underlying CAPE-mediated nuclear factor kappa beta (NFkappaB) inhibition and analyzed structure of CAPE for its biological effect. CAPE attenuated expression of NFkappaB dependent luciferase stimulated with TNF-alpha or LPS(More)
In our search for genes associated with gastric cancer progression, we identified macrophage inhibitory cytokine-1 (MIC-1), a member of the transforming growth factor superfamily, as an overexpressed gene in gastric tumor tissues. Expression analysis of MIC-1 in gastric tumor tissues revealed a specific expression in gastric cancer cells, and this(More)
Adipose tissue is highly vascularized and requires the angiogenic properties for its mass growth. Visfatin has been recently characterized as a novel adipokine, which is preferentially produced by adipose tissue. In this study, we report that visfatin potently stimulates in vivo neovascularization in chick chorioallantoic membrane and mouse Matrigel plug.(More)
In our search for genes associated with gastric cancer progression, we identified macrophage inhibitory cytokine-1 (MIC-1), a member of the transforming growth factor beta superfamily, as an overexpressed gene in gastric tumor tissues. Expression analysis of MIC-1 in gastric tumor tissues revealed a specific expression in gastric cancer cells, and this(More)
HBx is strongly associated with hepatocellular carcinoma development through transcription factor activation and reactive oxygen species (ROSs) production. However, the exact role of HBx during hepatocellular carcinogenesis is not fully understood. Recently, it was reported that C-terminal truncated HBx is associated with tumor metastasis. In the present(More)
The IPL2 gene is known to be required for normal polarized cell growth in the budding yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. We now show that IPL2 is identical to the previously identified BEM2 gene. bern2 mutants are defective in bud site selection at 26°C and localized cell surface growth and organization of the actin cytoskeleton at 37°C. BEM2 encodes a protein(More)
Thymosin beta(10) is a monomeric actin sequestering protein that regulates actin dynamics. Previously, we and others have shown that thymosin beta(10) acts as an actin-mediated tumor suppressor. In this study, we show that thymosin beta(10) is not only a cytoskeletal regulator, but that it also acts as a potent inhibitor of angiogenesis and tumor growth by(More)
In order to investigate the anti-angiogenic activity of shark TIMP-3 (sTIMP-3) in endothelial cells, angiogenic assays including in vitro invasion assay, migration assay, zymogram assay and tube formation assay were performed. We observed that the overexpression of sTIMP-3 decreased the invasive capacity by about 70%, the migratory activity by about 50% and(More)