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In positron emission tomographic (PET) scanning, transmission measurements for attenuation correction are commonly performed by using external germanium-68 rod sources. Recently, combined PET and computed tomographic (CT) scanners have been developed in which the CT data can be used for both anatomical-metabolic image formation and attenuation correction of(More)
PURPOSE The aim of this study was to examine the neural bases for the exceptional mental calculation ability possessed by Chinese abacus experts through PET imaging. METHODS We compared the different regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) patterns using (15)O-water PET in 10 abacus experts and 12 non-experts while they were performing each of the following(More)
BACKGROUND In current combined positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) systems, high-quality CT images not only increase diagnostic value by providing anatomic delineation of hyper- and hypometabolic tissues, but also shorten the acquisition time for attenuation correction compared with standard PET imaging. However, this technique(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Computational fluid dynamics method (CFDM) and optical flow method (OFM) effectively provide the hemodynamic information based on the digital subtraction angiogram (DSA). However, the quantitative analysis in comparison of CFDM and OFM is still absent. The goal of this study is to apply CFDM and OFM in quantitative analysis of(More)
OBJECTIVE The use of the micro positron emission tomography (microPET) technique provides a powerful means for molecular imaging on small animals, while its inferior spatial resolution offers insufficient anatomical information which impedes the interpretations of the scans. To improve this limitation, it often relies on a clinical magnetic resonance(More)
Ventricular hemodynamics plays an important role in assessing cardiac function in clinical practice. The aim of this study was to determine the ventricular hemodynamics based on contrast movement in the left ventricle (LV) between the phases in a cardiac cycle recorded using an electrocardiography (ECG) with cardiac computed tomography (CT) and optical flow(More)
PURPOSE A novel diagnostic method using the standard deviation (SD) value of apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) by diffusion-weighted (DWI) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is applied for differential diagnosis of primary chest cancers, metastatic tumors and benign tumors. MATERIALS AND METHODS This retrospective study enrolled 27 patients (20 males, 7(More)
Positron emission tomography (PET) had been utilized to image gene therapy, estimate tumor growth, detect neural function of the brain, and diagnose disease. However, sinogram noise always results inaccurate PET images. The factorial design of experiment (DOE), a statistical method, was applied to investigate, correct and estimate the fraction of scattering(More)
CyberKnife is one of multiple modalities for stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS). Due to the nature of CyberKnife and the characteristics of SRS, dose evaluation of the CyberKnife procedure is critical. A radiophotoluminescent glass dosimeter was used to verify the dose accuracy for the CyberKnife procedure and validate a viable dose verification system for(More)